Laurent Lapchin

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The invasion of Europe by the western corn rootworm, North America's most destructive corn pest, is ongoing and represents a serious threat to European agriculture. Because this pest was initially introduced in Central Europe, it was believed that subsequent outbreaks in Western Europe originated from this area. Using model-based Bayesian analyses of the(More)
Many plant-feeding insect species considered to be polyphagous are in fact composed of genetically differentiated sympatric populations that use different hosts and between which gene flow still exists. We studied the population genetic structure of the cotton-melon aphid Aphis gossypii that is considered as one of the most polyphagous aphid species. We(More)
JEROME CASAS*, GERARD DRIESSEN†¶, NICOLE MANDON*, SEBASTIAAN WIELAARD†, EMMANUEL DESOUHANT‡, JACQUES VAN ALPHEN†, LAURENT LAPCHIN§, ANA RIVERO*††, JEAN PHILIPPE CHRISTIDES* and CARLOS BERNSTEIN‡ *University of Tours, Institut de Recherches sur la Biologie de l’Insecte, IRBI, UMR CNRS 6035, Avenue Monge, F-37200 Tours, France; † Institute of Evolutionary and(More)
Aphis gossypii is an aphid species that is found throughout the world and is extremely polyphagous. It is considered a major pest of cotton and cucurbit species. In Europe, A. gossypii is assumed to reproduce exclusively by apomictic parthenogenesis. The present study investigates the genetic diversity of A. gossypii in a microgeographic, fragmented habitat(More)
In host-parasitoid communities, hosts are subjected to selective pressures from numerous parasitoid species, and parasitoids may attack several host species. The specificity of host resistance and parasitoid virulence is thus a key factor in host-parasitoid coevolution. A continuum of strategies exists, from strict specificity to a generalist strategy. The(More)
Intensive chemical treatments have led to the development of a number of insecticide resistance mechanisms in the peach-potato aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer). Some of these mechanisms are known to be associated with negative pleiotropic effects (resistance costs). Molecular and biochemical methods were used to determine the genotypes or phenotypes associated(More)
In the solitary parasitoid wasp Venturia canescens both arrhenotokously (sexual) and thelytokously (parthenogenetical) reproducing individuals occur sympatrically. We found in the laboratory that thelytokous wasps are able to mate, receive and use sperm of arrhenotokous males. Using nuclear (amplified fragment length polymorphism, virus-like protein) and(More)
Isofemale lines were compared to determine possible genetic variation in oral susceptibility within the Fare strain of Aedes aegypti (L.) to dengue-2 (DEN-2) virus. Three groups of 12 isofemale lines each were tested statistically using the SAS CATMOD procedure of analysis of variance. The "isofemale line" effect was highly significant, demonstrating(More)
The spread of agriculture greatly modified the selective pressures exerted by plants on phytophagous insects, by providing these insects with a high-level resource, structured in time and space. The life history, behavioural and physiological traits of some insect species may have evolved in response to these changes, allowing them to crowd on crops and to(More)
In agrosystems, pests are submitted to strong human-imposed selective pressures to which they sometimes adapt rapidly, either through selection of genotypes resulting from mutation and ⁄or recombination events, or through phenotypic plasticity. Understanding how insects respond to such selective pressures is of great importance for sustainable pest(More)