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We present the intramolecular G-quadruplex structure of human telomeric DNA in physiologically relevant K(+) solution. This G-quadruplex, whose (3 + 1) topology differs from folds reported previously in Na(+) solution and in a K(+)-containing crystal, involves the following: one anti.syn.syn.syn and two syn.anti.anti.anti G-tetrads; one double-chain(More)
The reactivation of telomerase activity in most cancer cells supports the concept that telomerase is a relevant target in oncology, and telomerase inhibitors have been proposed as new potential anticancer agents. The telomeric G-rich single-stranded DNA can adopt in vitro an intramolecular quadruplex structure, which has been shown to inhibit telomerase(More)
A systematic study of the thermal and conformational properties of chemically modified G-quadruplexes of different molecularities is reported. The effect of backbone charge and atom size, thymine/uracyl substitution as well as the effect of modification at the ribose 2'-position was analyzed by UV spectroscopy. Additional calorimetric studies were performed(More)
Absorbance versus temperature curves can provide information on the thermal stability of DNA or RNA quadruplexes. Quadruplex denaturation or renaturation can be followed by recording absorbance at 295 nm rather than 260 nm, the wavelength used to monitor duplex denaturation. This unit describes the use of absorbance versus temperature curves to determine(More)
Eukaryotic chromosomes are partitioned into topologically associating domains (TADs) that are demarcated by distinct insulator-binding proteins (IBPs) in Drosophila. Whether IBPs regulate specific long-range contacts and how this may impact gene expression remains unclear. Here we identify "indirect peaks" of multiple IBPs that represent their distant sites(More)
Oligodeoxynucleotides which include stretches of guanines form a well-known tetrameric structure. We show that the recording of reversible absorbance changes at 295 nm allows to precisely monitor intramolecular guanine (G)-quartet formation and dissociation. Accurate Tm and thermodynamic values could be easily extracted from the data, whereas classical(More)
Quadruplex ligands are often considered as telomerase inhibitors. Given the fact that some of these molecules are present in the clinical setting, it is important to establish the validity of this assertion. To analyze the effects of these compounds, we used a direct assay with telomerase-enriched extracts. The comparison of potent ligands from various(More)
We show that nucleic acid structures may be conveniently and inexpensively characterized by their UV thermal difference spectra. A thermal difference spectrum (TDS) is obtained for a nucleic acid by simply recording the ultraviolet absorbance spectra of the unfolded and folded states at temperatures above and below its melting temperature (T(m)). The(More)
DNA triple helices offer exciting new perspectives toward oligonucleotide-directed inhibition of gene expression. Purine and GT triplexes appear to be the most promising motifs for stable binding under physiological conditions compared to the pyrimidine motif, which forms at relatively low pH. There are, however, very little data available for comparison of(More)