Laurent Lacroix

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We show that nucleic acid structures may be conveniently and inexpensively characterized by their UV thermal difference spectra. A thermal difference spectrum (TDS) is obtained for a nucleic acid by simply recording the ultraviolet absorbance spectra of the unfolded and folded states at temperatures above and below its melting temperature (T(m)). The(More)
We present the intramolecular G-quadruplex structure of human telomeric DNA in physiologically relevant K(+) solution. This G-quadruplex, whose (3 + 1) topology differs from folds reported previously in Na(+) solution and in a K(+)-containing crystal, involves the following: one anti.syn.syn.syn and two syn.anti.anti.anti G-tetrads; one double-chain(More)
Oligodeoxynucleotides which include stretches of guanines form a well-known tetrameric structure. We show that the recording of reversible absorbance changes at 295 nm allows to precisely monitor intramolecular guanine (G)-quartet formation and dissociation. Accurate Tm and thermodynamic values could be easily extracted from the data, whereas classical(More)
The reactivation of telomerase activity in most cancer cells supports the concept that telomerase is a relevant target in oncology, and telomerase inhibitors have been proposed as new potential anticancer agents. The telomeric G-rich single-stranded DNA can adopt in vitro an intramolecular quadruplex structure, which has been shown to inhibit telomerase(More)
A systematic study of the thermal and conformational properties of chemically modified G-quadruplexes of different molecularities is reported. The effect of backbone charge and atom size, thymine/uracyl substitution as well as the effect of modification at the ribose 2'-position was analyzed by UV spectroscopy. Additional calorimetric studies were performed(More)
The enzyme telomerase is involved in the replication of telomeres, specialized structures that cap and protect the ends of chromosomes. Its activity is required for maintenance of telomeres and for unlimited lifespan, a hallmark of cancer cells. Telomerase is overexpressed in the vast majority of human cancer cells and therefore represents an attractive(More)
Intramolecular G-quadruplexes formed by a single DNA strand have attracted much interest due to the possibility that they may form in telomeres, oncogene promoter sequences and other biologically relevant regions of the genome. Therefore, it is important to understand the rules that govern the formation of these intramolecular structures and to determine(More)
Short contiguous arrays of variant CTAGGG repeats in the human telomere are unstable in the male germline and somatic cells, suggesting formation of unusual structures by this repeat type. Here, we report on the structure of an intramolecular G-quadruplex formed by DNA sequences containing four human telomeric variant CTAGGG repeats in potassium solution.(More)
The telomeric G-rich single-stranded DNA can adopt in vitro an intramolecular quadruplex structure, which has been shown to directly inhibit telomerase activity. The reactivation of this enzyme in immortalized and most cancer cells suggests that telomeres and telomerase are relevant targets in oncology, and telomere ligands and telomerase inhibitors have(More)
Quadruplex ligands are often considered as telomerase inhibitors. Given the fact that some of these molecules are present in the clinical setting, it is important to establish the validity of this assertion. To analyze the effects of these compounds, we used a direct assay with telomerase-enriched extracts. The comparison of potent ligands from various(More)