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We constructed five different structures, consisting of a genetic marker flanked by directly repeated sequences 2-4 kb long, in the Bacillus subtilis chromosome. When a selective pressure was applied amplification of the marker and one of the repeats was observed in all cases. Amplification was not detected with two markers which were not flanked by the(More)
DNA replication in bacteria is carried out by a multiprotein complex, which is thought to contain only one essential DNA polymerase, specified by the dnaE gene in Escherichia coli and the polC gene in Bacillus subtilis. Bacillus subtilis genome analysis has revealed another DNA polymerase gene, dnaE(BS), which is homologous to dnaE. We show that, in B.(More)
Small derivatives of the Escherichia coli transposon Tn10, comprising IS10 ends and a chloramphenicol resistance gene, were introduced in Bacillus subtilis on a thermosensitive plasmid, pE194. In the presence of the Tn10 transposase gene fused to signals functional in B. subtilis, these derivatives transposed with a frequency of 10(-6) per element per(More)
The nucleotide sequence of a 2.13-kb EcoRI-HindIII, pAM beta 1-derived fragment, isolated from the gram-positive cloning vector pHV1431, has been determined and shown to encode two ORFs. ORF H encodes for a protein of 23,930 Da which exhibits substantial homology to bacterial site-specific recombinases, particularly the resolvases of the gram-positive(More)
BACKGROUND A challenging goal in biology is to understand how the principal cellular functions are integrated so that cells achieve viability and optimal fitness in a wide range of nutritional conditions. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We report here a tight link between glycolysis and DNA synthesis. The link, discovered during an analysis of suppressors(More)
pIP501 is a broad-host-range plasmid originating from Streptococcus agalactiae. In this report we show that (i) it replicates by a theta mechanism initiating at the 3' end of the gene encoding the replication protein RepR and progressing in the direction of transcription of this gene; (ii) its replication origin lies within or a few nucleotides downstream(More)
The levels of organization that exist in bacteria extend from macromolecules to populations. Evidence that there is also a level of organization intermediate between the macromolecule and the bacterial cell is accumulating. This is the level of hyperstructures. Here, we review a variety of spatially extended structures, complexes, and assemblies that might(More)
Plasmid pAM beta 1 from Enterococcus faecalis uses a unidirectional theta mode of replication. We show here that this replication (i) is dependent on a plasmid-encoded replication protein (Rep) but not on a DNA structure typical for origins of most Rep-dependent plasmids and (ii) is initiated by DNA polymerase I (PolI). pAM beta 1 minimal replicon shares no(More)