Laurent Grivet

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Cultivated sugarcane clones (Saccharum spp., 2n=100 to 130) are derived from complex interspecific hybridizations between the speciesS. officinarum andS. spontaneum. Using comparative genomic DNA in situ hybridization, we demonstrated that it is possible to distinguish the chromosomes contributed by these two species in an interspecific F1 hybrid and a(More)
Sugarcane cultivars are polyploid, aneuploid, interspecific hybrids between the domesticated species Saccharum officinarum and the wild relative S. spontaneum. Cultivar chromosome numbers range from 100 to 130 with approximately 10% contributed by S. spontaneum. We have undertaken a mapping study on the progeny of a selfed cultivar, R570, to analyze this(More)
Sugarcane cultivars are polyploid, aneuploid clones derived from interspecific hybridization between Saccharum officinarum and S. spontaneum. Their genome has recently started to be unravelled as a result of the development of molecular markers. We constructed an AFLP genetic map based on a selfing population of a specific cultivar, R570.Using 37 AFLP(More)
The first linkage map established by Lanaud et al. (1995) was used as a starting point to produce a high-density molecular linkage map. A mapping population of 181 progenies resulting from a cross between two heterozygous genotypes, a Forastero and a Trinitario (hybrid between Forastero and Criollo), was used for the linkage analysis. A new DNA isolation(More)
To contribute to our understanding of the genome complexity of sugarcane, we undertook a large-scale expressed sequence tag (EST) program. More than 260,000 cDNA clones were partially sequenced from 26 standard cDNA libraries generated from different sugarcane tissues. After the processing of the sequences, 237,954 high-quality ESTs were identified. These(More)
The first genetic map for Hevea spp. (2n=36) is presented here. It is based on a F1 progeny of 106 individuals allowing the construction of a female, a male, and a synthetic map according to the pseudo-testcross strategy. Progeny were derived from an interspecific cross between PB260, a H. brasiliensis cultivated clone, and RO38, a H. brasiliensis×H.(More)
Modern sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) is an important grass that contributes 60% of the raw sugar produced worldwide and has a high biofuel production potential. It was created about a century ago through hybridization of two highly polyploid species, namely S. officinarum and S. spontaneum. We investigated genome dynamics in this highly polyploid context by(More)
Molecular markers were used to characterise sugarcane intergeneric hybrids between S. officinarum and E. arundinaceus. Very simple diagnostic tools for hybrid identification among the progeny were derived from isozyme electrophoresis and a sequence-tagged PCR. Two enzyme systems (GOT and MDH B) and PCR amplification revealing spacer-size variation in the(More)
Inheritance of resistance to rust was investigated in the self progeny of the sugarcane cultivar ‘R570’ also used to build a RFLP genetic map. Resistance was evaluated through both field and controlled greenhouse trials. A clear-cut 3 (resistant) ∶ 1 (susceptible) segregation indicative of a probable dominant resistant gene was observed. This is the first(More)
The genetics of current sugarcane cultivars (Saccharum spp.) is outstandingly complex, due to a high ploidy level and an interspecific origin which leads to the presence of numerous chromosomes belonging to two ancestral genomes. In order to analyse the inheritance of quantitative traits, we have undertaken an extensive Quantitative Trait Allele (QTA)(More)