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We used the expression of the immediate-early gene c-fos, a marker of neuronal activation, to localize brainstem neuronal populations functionally related to fictive cough (FC). In decerebrate, paralyzed, and ventilated cats, the level of Fos-like immunoreactivity (FLI) was examined in five groups of animals: (1) controls, sham-operated unstimulated(More)
The vestibular system is involved in maintaining stable blood pressure and respiration during changes in posture and is essential for eliciting motion sickness-related vomiting. Because the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) participates in the regulation of sympathetic and inspiratory outflow and the triggering of emesis, we tested the hypothesis that this(More)
Membrane potential changes and discharges from 28 laryngeal motoneurons were recorded intracellularly in the caudal nucleus ambiguus of decerebrate, paralyzed and ventilated cats. Electrical activities were recorded from 17 expiratory laryngeal motoneurons (ELMs) with maximal depolarizing membrane potential in early expiration, and from 11 inspiratory(More)
1. The patterns of membrane potential changes of phrenic motoneurons were compared during fictive vomiting, fictive coughing, and fictive swallowing in decerebrate, paralyzed cats. These fictive behaviors were identified by motor nerve discharge patterns similar to those recorded from the muscles of nonparalyzed animals. Phrenic motoneurons (n = 54) were(More)
Although a number of studies have been devoted to the analysis of the activity pattern of the muscles involved in pedaling in sedentary subjects and/or amateur cyclists, data on professional cyclists are scarce and the issue of inter-individual differences has never been addressed in detail. In the present series of experiments, we performed a non-invasive(More)
Membrane potential changes and/or discharges from 36 inspiratory neurons were recorded intracellularly in the dorsal respiratory group (DRG; i.e., the ventrolateral subdivision of the nucleus tractus solitarii) in decerebrate, paralyzed, and ventilated cats. Electrical activities were recorded from both somata (n = 10) and axons (n = 26). Activities during(More)
Despite the wide use of surface electromyography (EMG) recorded during dynamic exercises, the reproducibility of EMG variables has not been fully established in a course of a dynamic leg exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the reproducibility of eight lower limb muscles activity level during a pedaling exercise performed until exhaustion.(More)
1. We recorded the membrane potentials of sixty-three respiratory neurones in the rostral, ventral medulla of decerebrate vagotomized cats. Stable recordings were obtained in thirty-eight expiratory and twenty-five inspiratory neurones. Axonal projections were identified by antidromic invasion after electrical stimulation of the region of the dorsal(More)
The possible roles of interneurons in the C4-C5 cervical spinal cord in conveying central drives to phrenic motoneurons during different behaviour patterns were investigated using intracellular recordings in decerebrate, paralysed, artificially ventilated cats. Eleven cells were tentatively classified as respiratory interneurons since they: (i) could not be(More)
The distribution of retrogradely doubly labeled brainstem neurons were analyzed in the cat after injection of two different fluorescent markers into the phrenic and abdominal motor nuclei. Diamidino Yellow (DY) was first injected either ipsilaterally or bilaterally into the ventral horn of lumbar spinal cord, and then Fast Blue (FB) into the right ventral(More)