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The first aim of this study was to verify the occurrence of the EMG threshold (EMG (Th)) in each of eight lower limb muscles (vastus lateralis [VL], vatus medialis [VM], rectus femoris [RF], semimembranosus [SM], biceps femoris [BF], gastrocnemius lateralis [GL] and medialis [GM], and tibialis anterior [TA]) during incremental cycling exercise. The second(More)
Although a number of studies have been devoted to the analysis of the activity pattern of the muscles involved in pedaling in sedentary subjects and/or amateur cyclists, data on professional cyclists are scarce and the issue of inter-individual differences has never been addressed in detail. In the present series of experiments, we performed a non-invasive(More)
We used the expression of the immediate-early gene c-fos, a marker of neuronal activation, to localize brainstem neuronal populations functionally related to fictive cough (FC). In decerebrate, paralyzed, and ventilated cats, the level of Fos-like immunoreactivity (FLI) was examined in five groups of animals: (1) controls, sham-operated unstimulated(More)
Membrane potential changes and discharges from 28 laryngeal motoneurons were recorded intracellularly in the caudal nucleus ambiguus of decerebrate, paralyzed and ventilated cats. Electrical activities were recorded from 17 expiratory laryngeal motoneurons (ELMs) with maximal depolarizing membrane potential in early expiration, and from 11 inspiratory(More)
1. The patterns of membrane potential changes of phrenic motoneurons were compared during fictive vomiting, fictive coughing, and fictive swallowing in decerebrate, paralyzed cats. These fictive behaviors were identified by motor nerve discharge patterns similar to those recorded from the muscles of nonparalyzed animals. Phrenic motoneurons (n = 54) were(More)
Following downhill exercise, muscle damage and local inflammatory reactions, induced by lengthening contractions, are observed and voluntary muscle activation decreases. The hypothesis that feedback carried by the group IV muscle afferents could be involved has often been raised but never measured in vivo in these conditions. In this experiment, we tested(More)
During exhaustive incremental pedaling exercises, root mean square or amplitude of integrated electromyographic values exhibits a nonlinear increase, i.e., the so-called electromyographic threshold (EMG(Th)). As proposed by various authors, this EMG(Th) could be used as a complementary indicator of the aerobic-anaerobic transition in physiological(More)
The vestibular system is involved in maintaining stable blood pressure and respiration during changes in posture and is essential for eliciting motion sickness-related vomiting. Because the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) participates in the regulation of sympathetic and inspiratory outflow and the triggering of emesis, we tested the hypothesis that this(More)
Membrane potential changes and/or discharges from 36 inspiratory neurons were recorded intracellularly in the dorsal respiratory group (DRG; i.e., the ventrolateral subdivision of the nucleus tractus solitarii) in decerebrate, paralyzed, and ventilated cats. Electrical activities were recorded from both somata (n = 10) and axons (n = 26). Activities during(More)
This study tests the effects of chronic electrostimulation on denervated/reinnervated skeletal muscle in producing an optimal restoration of size and mechanical and histochemical properties. We compared tibialis anterior muscles in four groups of rats: in unoperated control (C) and 10 weeks following nerve lesion with suture (LS) in the absence of(More)