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Exposure to oxidant molecules issued from the environment (pollution, radiation), nutrition, or pathologies can generate reactive oxygen species (ROS for example, H2O2, O2-, OH). These free radicals can alter DNA, proteins and/or membrane phospholipids. Depletion of intracellular antioxidants in acute oxidative stress or in various diseases increases(More)
It has been shown that glutathione S-transferase pi (GSTpi) interacts with and suppresses the activity of c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK). GST-deficient mice (GSTpi(-/-)) have higher levels of circulating white blood cells, with similar proportions of lymphocytes, monocytes, and granulocytes. Interestingly, a selective expansion of splenic B lymphocytes(More)
The role of glutathione S-transferase pi (GSTpi) in tumor development has been previously suggested; however the exact function of this enzyme in carcinogenesis remains unclear. GSTpi has been identified as a modulator of cell signaling by interacting with and inhibiting c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). This kinase has been in turn described as a regulator of(More)
Potential differences in the toxicological properties of nanosized and non-nanosized particles have been notably pointed out for titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) particles, which are currently widely produced and used in many industrial areas. Nanoparticles of the iron oxides magnetite (Fe(3)O(4)) and hematite (Fe(2)O(3)) also have many industrial applications but(More)
Glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTpi) is an abundant and ubiquitously expressed protein in normal and malignant mammalian tissues and possesses catalytic and ligand binding properties. Our present data suggest that the protein contributes to the regulation of cell proliferation. Mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) isolated from mice with a GSTP1-1 [glutathione(More)
A report from the World Health Organization estimates that 46% of the world's 5- to 14-year-old children are anemic. In addition, 48% of the world's pregnant women are anemic. A majority of these cases of anemia are due to iron deficiency. Our aim here is to review the latest data on iron regulatory mechanisms, iron sources and requirements. Human and(More)
Folate (folic acid, folacin) is an essential vitamin that is found in nature. Folates contain the core chemical structure of pteroylglutamic acid, but vary in their state of reduction, the single carbon moiety they bear and/or the length of the glutamate chain. At least 50% of whole body folate is stored in the liver. The influence of intracellular folate(More)
Human ovarian carcinoma cells (C70 and C200) made resistant to cisplatin from A2780 cells demonstrated an approximately 20-fold resistance to the drug. These same cell lines showed no collateral resistance (as compared with the wild-type) to a novel glutathione S-transferase pi-activated prodrug [gamma-glutamyl-alpha-amino-beta[2-ethyl-N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(More)
Synthetic amorphous silica nanomaterials (SAS) are extensively used in food and tire industries. In many industrial processes, SAS may become aerosolized and lead to occupational exposure of workers through inhalation in particular. However, little is known about the in vivo genotoxicity of these particulate materials. To gain insight into the toxicological(More)