Laurent Galio

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At implantation the endometrium undergoes modifications necessary for its physical interactions with the trophoblast as well as the development of the conceptus. We aim to identify endometrial factors and pathways essential for a successful implantation in the caruncular (C) and the intercaruncular (IC) areas in cattle. Using a 13,257-element bovine(More)
  • Nadera Mansouri-Attia, Olivier Sandra, +10 authors Jean-Paul Renard
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 2009
Implantation is crucial for placental development that will subsequently impact fetal growth and pregnancy success with consequences on postnatal health. We postulated that the pattern of genes expressed by the endometrium when the embryo becomes attached to the mother uterus could account for the final outcome of a pregnancy. As a model, we used the bovine(More)
Functional interactions of Escherichia coli MutS and MutL in mismatch repair are dependent on ATP. In this study, we show that MutS and MutL associate with immobilised DNA in a manner dependent on ATP hydrolysis and with an ATP concentration near the solution K m of the ATPase of MutS. After removal of MutS, MutL and ATP, much of the protein in this ternary(More)
The mammary gland undergoes extensive remodeling between the beginning of pregnancy and lactation; this involves cellular processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, all of which are under the control of numerous regulators. To unravel the role played by miRNA, we describe here 47 new ovine miRNA cloned from mammary gland in(More)
Although virtually all cells store neutral lipids as cytoplasmic lipid droplets, mammary epithelial cells have developed a specialized function to secrete them as milk fat globules. We have used the mammary epithelial cell line HC11 to evaluate the potential connections between the lipid and protein synthetic pathways. We show that unsaturated fatty acids(More)
Relative affinities of transcriptional regulatory elements for their respective factor have been essentially studied by bandshift analysis. Here we report a real-time study of factor/DNA interactions using a surface plasmon resonance approach and further characterization of recovered proteins involved in this interaction. For this purpose, human GATA-3,(More)
Here we describe the first real-time study of nuclear protein interaction with a composite DNA regulatory region. We studied the interplay between the three target sites of the negative regulatory element (NRE) of HIV-1 LTR, comprising a noncanonical GATA site overlapping two negative regulatory regions, USF and NFIL-6, and their corresponding transcription(More)
Leptin is known as a cytokine mostly produced by fat cells and implicated in regulation of energy metabolism and food intake but has also been shown to be involved in many physiological mechanisms such as tissue metabolism and cell differentiation and proliferation. In particular, leptin influences the development of mammary gland. Although leptin(More)
Once daily milking reduces milk yield, but the underlying mechanisms are not yet fully understood. Local regulation due to milk stasis in the tissue may contribute to this effect, but such mechanisms have not yet been fully described. To challenge this hypothesis, one udder half of six Holstein dairy cows was milked once a day (ODM), and the other twice a(More)
The nuclear organization of mammary epithelial cells has been shown to be sensitive to the three-dimensional microenvironment in several models of cultured cells. However, the relationships between the expression and position of genes have not often been explored in animal tissues. We therefore studied the localization of milk protein genes in the nuclei of(More)