Laurent F Bonnac

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The present study was undertaken to assess the technical feasibility of transfemoral hepatic artery catheterization in rats and to describe the imaging techniques that can be used on tumors in rats. A total of 106 N1-S1 cells were inoculated into the left lobes of 74 rats. In 17, transfemoral angiography was attempted. Tumor volumes for 2 weeks before(More)
A methylenebis(sulfonamide) linked NAD analogue has been designed to circumvent the metabolically unstable, ionic nature of the natural pyrophosphate linkage. This NAD analogue is assembled through two Mitsunobu reactions of a methylenebis(sulfonamide) linker with two protected nucleosides. A 2,4-dimethoxybenzyl group is used as a sulfonamide protective(More)
Novel tiazofurin adenine dinucleotide (TAD) analogues 25-33 containing a substituent at C2 of the adenine ring have been synthesized as inhibitors of the two isoforms of human IMP-dehydrogenase. The 2-ethyl TAD analogue 33 [Ki = 1 nM (type I), Ki = 14 nM (type II)] was found to be the most potent. It did not inhibit three other cellular dehydrogenases up to(More)
PURPOSE This pilot trial assesses variability of apoptosis and response 1 day after hepatic intraarterial (IA) benzamide riboside (BR) in rodent hepatomas and its correlation to water apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and single-quantum (SQ) and triple-quantum-filtered (TQF) sodium-23 ((23)Na) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
While mutation is the driving force behind evolution, most mutations are detrimental; therefore, elevating the mutation rate of a virus should diminish fitness. Because riboviruses and retroviruses have high mutation rates, a small increase in their mutation rates could exceed their threshold of viability. This approach, elevation of the viral mutation rate(More)
Synthesis of novel NAD(+) analogues that cannot be phosphorylated by NAD kinase is reported. In these analogues the C2' hydroxyl group of the adenosine moiety was replaced by fluorine in the ribo or arabino configuration (1 and 2, respectively) or was inverted into arabino configuration to give compound 3. Compounds 1 and 2 showed inhibition of human NAD(More)
Reverse transcription is an important early step in retrovirus replication and is a key point targeted by evolutionarily conserved host restriction factors (e.g., APOBEC3G, SamHD1). Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (RT) is a major target of antiretroviral drugs, and concerns regarding drug resistance and off-target effects(More)
The chemical synthesis of 4-phenoxybenzamide adenine dinucleotide (3), a NAD analogue which mimics isoniazid-NAD adduct and inhibits Mycobacterium tuberculosis NAD-dependent enoyl-ACP reductase (InhA), is reported. The 4-phenoxy benzamide riboside (1) has been prepared as a key intermediate, converted into its 5'-mononucleotide (2), and coupled with AMP(More)
Decitabine has previously been shown to induce lethal mutagenesis of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). However, the factors that determine the susceptibilities of individual sequence positions in HIV-1 to decitabine have not yet been defined. To investigate this, we performed Illumina high-throughput sequencing of multiple amplicons prepared from(More)