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The fact that elastin peptides, the degradation products of the extracellular matrix protein elastin, are chemotactic for numerous cell types, promote cell cycle progression and induce release of proteolytic enzymes by stromal and cancer cells, strongly suggests that their presence in tissues could contribute to tumour progression. Thus, elastin peptides(More)
The binding of elastin peptides on the elastin receptor complex leads to the formation of intracellular signals but how this is achieved remains totally unknown. Using pharmacological inhibitors of the enzymatic activities of its subunits, we show here that the elastin peptide-driven ERK1/2 activation and subsequent pro-MMP-1 production, observed in skin(More)
BACKGROUND Elastin peptides possess several biological activities and in vitro data suggest they could be involved in the early phase of melanoma growth. METHODS Using diverse in vitro and in vivo techniques (cell proliferation, invasion and migration assays, zymography, western blots, collagen degradation assay, reverse transcription PCR, melanoma(More)
Matrikines, i.e. matrix fragments with cytokine-like properties, have been ascribed a major role in regulating tumour progression. The invasive front of melanoma is characterised by intense fragmentation of dermal elastic fibres. Elastase-mediated elastolysis liberates elastin fragments, i.e. elastokines, that stimulate several aspects of melanoma(More)
The elastin binding protein (EBP), a spliced variant of lysosomal β-galactosidase, is the primary receptor of elastin peptides that have been linked to emphysema, aneurysm and cancer progression. The sequences recognized by EBP share the XGXXPG consensus pattern found in numerous matrix proteins, notably in elastin where the VGVAPG motif is repeated. To(More)
The sialidase activity of neuraminidase-1 (Neu-1) is responsible for ERK 1/2 pathway activation following binding of elastin peptide on the elastin receptor complex. In this work, we demonstrate that the receptor and lipid rafts colocalize at the plasma membrane. We also show that the disruption of these microdomains as well as their depletion in(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX), a highly active chemotherapeutic drug, faces limitations in clinical application due to severe cardiotoxic effects (mainly through increased oxidative stress). Therefore, its effect is exacerbated in subjects with ischemic heart disease. We have recently reported that saffron extract (SAF), a natural compound mainly consisting of safranal(More)
Atherosclerosis is a progressive multifaceted inflammatory disease affecting large- and medium-sized arteries. Typical feature of this disease is the formation and build-up of atherosclerotic plaques characterized by vascular extracellular matrix degradation and remodeling. Many studies have documented degradation of native elastin, the main extracellular(More)
Aging is a progressive process determined by genetic and acquired factors. Among the latter are the chemical reactions referred to as nonenzymatic posttranslational modifications (NEPTMs), such as glycoxidation, which are responsible for protein molecular aging. Carbamylation is a more recently described NEPTM that is caused by the nonenzymatic binding of(More)
Besides its ability to inhibit MMP activity, TIMP-1 exhibits other biological functions. We earlier reported that TIMP-1 induced UT-7 erythroid cell survival through activation of the JAK2/PI 3-kinase/Akt pathway and we now aim to determine whether the TIMP-1 anti-apoptotic effect requires MMP involvement. We first show that proMMP-9 was expressed in UT-7(More)