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5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) is an antiinflammatory drug widely used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases. It is known to inhibit the production of cytokines and inflammatory mediators, but the mechanism underlying the intestinal effects of 5-ASA remains unknown. Based on the common activities of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma(More)
FMOC-L-Leucine (F-L-Leu) is a chemically distinct PPARgamma ligand. Two molecules of F-L-Leu bind to the ligand binding domain of a single PPARgamma molecule, making its mode of receptor interaction distinct from that of other nuclear receptor ligands. F-L-Leu induces a particular allosteric configuration of PPARgamma, resulting in differential cofactor(More)
The peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma(PPARgamma) is a nuclear receptor highly expressed in the colon and playing a key role in bacterial induced inflammation. Regulation of colon inflammation by this receptor has been well demonstrated in many experimental models of colitis but also in patients with ulcerative colitis, characterised by(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) and its partner the retinoid X receptor (RXR) are two nuclear receptors that are expressed mainly in adipose tissue and which have a role in lipid metabolism and insulin sensitisation. New sites of PPARgamma/RXR expression have been described, especially in the intestinal tract, pancreas, and(More)
Liver receptor homolog-1 (LRH-1) is a nuclear receptor involved in intestinal lipid homeostasis and cell proliferation. Here we show that haploinsufficiency of LRH-1 predisposes mice to the development of intestinal inflammation. Besides the increased inflammatory response, LRH-1 heterozygous mice exposed to 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid show lower(More)
The nuclear receptor liver receptor homologue-1 (LRH-1, NR5A2) is a crucial transcriptional regulator of many metabolic pathways. In addition, LRH-1 is expressed in intestinal crypt cells where it regulates the epithelial cell renewal and contributes to tumorigenesis through the induction of cell cycle proteins. We have recently identified the intestinal(More)
Liver receptor homolog 1 (LRH-1) is an orphan nuclear receptor that synergizes with beta-catenin/T cell factor 4 signaling to stimulate intestinal crypt cell renewal. We evaluated here the impact of haploinsufficiency of LRH-1 on intestinal tumorigenesis by using two independent mouse models of human colon tumorigenesis. Haploinsufficiency of LRH-1 blunts(More)
The physiologic role of the mu opioid receptor (MOR) in gut nociception, motility, and secretion is well established. To evaluate whether MOR may also be involved in controlling gut inflammation, we first showed that subcutaneous administration of selective peripheral MOR agonists, named DALDA and DAMGO, significantly reduces inflammation in two(More)
The peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor ␥ (PPAR ␥) is highly expressed in the colon mucosa and its activation has been reported to protect against colitis. We studied the involvement of PPAR ␥ and its heterodimeric partner, the retinoid X receptor (RXR) in intestinal in-flammatory responses. PPAR ␥ ϩ / Ϫ and RXR ␣ ϩ / Ϫ mice both displayed a(More)
The etiology of inflammatory bowel disease and, in particular, Crohn's disease involves a deregulated mucosal immune system under the influence of intestinal flora and environmental factors in genetically susceptible individuals. A new hypothesis has focused on mesenteric fat hypertrophy and the presence of ectopic fat surrounding inflamed bowel, the(More)