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The effect of fedotozine was evaluated in a model of colonic hypersensibility to balloon distension in anesthetized rats. Acetic acid (0.6%, intracolonically) significantly enhanced the hypotension reflex response to colonic distension (P < 0.05). At a noxious pain pressure (75 mm Hg), fedotozine ((+)-(-1R)-1-phenyl-1-[(3,4,5-(More)
[3H]Rauwolscine, a specific, potent, radiolabelled alpha 2-antagonist, binds to distinct high- and low-affinity alpha 2-adrenoceptors in crude membrane preparations of the rat cerebral cortex. The concentration of high-affinity alpha 2-adrenoceptors was increased by addition of sodium ions or guanylnucleotides. In synaptosomal plasma membrane preparations,(More)
The effect of fedotozine on visceral hypersensitivity was evaluated in conscious rats. One hour after colonic irritation (0.6% acetic acid intracolonically), a 30 mmHg colonic distension was applied for 10 min. Irritation increased the number of abdominal contractions induced by colonic distension (23.4 +/- 4.1 versus 4.8 +/- 1.4 in saline-treated rats, P <(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Neutrophins are involved in somatic and visceral hypersensitivity. The action of nerve growth factor (NGF) on sensory neurones contributes to the development of referred colonic hypersensitivity induced by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS). Based on data on brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and calcitonin gene related peptide(More)
In human, digestive disorders are often associated with visceral pain. In these pathologies, visceral pain threshold is decreased indicating a visceral hypersensitivity. Pregabalin [CI-1008; S-(+)-3-isobutylgaba] presents antihyperalgesic actions in inflammatory somatic pain models. This study was designed to evaluate 1) the effect of injection of TNBS into(More)
This study investigates the contribution of prostaglandins (PG) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) pathways in visceral pain induced by peritoneal irritation in rats. Peritoneal irritation was produced by i.p. administration of acetic acid (AA: 0.06-1.0%, 10 ml/kg). Visceral pain was scored by counting abdominal contractions. The effect of CGRP(More)
Fedotozine has been shown to act on gastrointestinal sensitivity through peripheral kappa-opioid receptors. The present study investigated the action of fedotozine and reference compounds, morphine and (+/-)-U-50,488H, on duodenal pain in anesthetized rats. The noxious stimulus was produced by duodenal distension (100 mm Hg; 30 s). Fedotozine (1-5 mg/kg(More)
Microflora-born bacteria or probiotic strains are able to modulate host-pathogens interactions in the gut. In vivo and in vitro studies indicate that species-specific modulations of intestinal cell glycosylation may represent a simple, general and efficient mechanism to adapt the host defense toward pathogens.
The majority of patients with digestive disorders display visceral pain. In these troubles, visceral pain threshold is decreased, demonstrating visceral hypersensitivity. There is growing evidence that nerve growth factor (NGF) may function as a mediator of persistent pain states. This hypothesis was tested in a model of colonic hypersensitivity measured by(More)
Stress elicited by exposure to cold induces an increase of gastric emptying (GE) and intestinal transit of a caloric meal in mice and the release of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in the central nervous system (CNS). The present study proposed 1) to compare in mice the central effects of TRH, CRF, and(More)