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The generation of new neurons from neural stem cells is restricted to two regions of the adult mammalian central nervous system: the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricle, and the subgranular zone of the hippocampal dentate gyrus. In both regions, signals provided by the microenvironment regulate the maintenance, proliferation and neuronal fate(More)
Etazolate is a phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor and GABAA receptor modulator that also stimulates alpha-secretase activity and neurotrophic soluble amyloid precursor protein (sAPPalpha) production, currently developed as a possible Alzheimer's disease therapeutic. In this study two doses of etazolate were tested for cognitive effects in normally aged(More)
beta-Amyloid peptides (Abeta) that form the senile plaques of Alzheimer disease consist mainly of 40- and 42-amino acid (Abeta 40 and Abeta 42) peptides generated from the cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). Generation of Abeta involves beta-secretase and gamma-secretase activities and is regulated by membrane trafficking of the proteins(More)
Pharmacological modulation of the GABA(A) receptor has gained increasing attention as a potential treatment for central processes affected in Alzheimer disease (AD), including neuronal survival and cognition. The proteolytic cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) through the alpha-secretase pathway decreases in AD, concurrent with cognitive(More)
During retinal differentiation, fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) expression increases in retinal neurons following the sequential appearance of the neuronal layers. The function of the developmental increase of endogenous FGF2 in the developing chick retina was investigated by using an antisense strategy, using both optic vesicle cultures and in(More)
Cholinergic basal forebrain (CBF) nucleus basalis (NB) neurons display neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) during Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression, yet the mechanisms underlying this selective vulnerability are currently unclear. Rac1, a member of the Rho family of GTPases, may interact with the proapoptotic pan-neurotrophin receptor p75(NTR) to induce(More)
The presence of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in chick retina during development has allowed us to study the role of nitric oxide (NO) during retinal differentiation in dissociated chick retinal cell culture from embryonic day 6. We have demonstrated the presence of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase staining in these cultures after 3 days(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 2 is a survival factor for various cell types, including retinal neurons. However, little is understood about the molecular bases of the neuroprotective role of FGF2 in the retina. In this report, FGF2 survival activity was studied in chick retinal neurons subjected to apoptosis by serum deprivation. Exogenous FGF2 supported(More)
The C-type lectin-like receptor 2 (CLEC-2) activates platelets through Src and Syk tyrosine kinases via a single cytoplasmic YxxL motif known as a hem immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (hemITAM). Here, we demonstrate using sucrose gradient ultracentrifugation and methyl-beta-cyclodextrin treatment that CLEC-2 translocates to lipid rafts upon(More)
The convenient synthesis of a library of novel 6,6,5-tricyclic thiazolo[5,4-f] quinazolines (forty molecules) was achieved mainly under microwave irradiation. Dimroth rearrangement and 4,5-dichloro-1,2,3,-dithiazolium chloride (Appel salt) chemistry were associated for the synthesis of a novel 6-aminobenzo[d]thiazole-2,7-dicarbonitrile (16) a versatile(More)