Laurent Cronier

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The syncytiotrophoblast is the principal component of the human placenta involved in feto-maternal exchanges and hormone secretion. The syncytiotrophoblast arises from the fusion of villous cytotrophoblasts. We recently showed that functional gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is an important prerequisite for syncytiotrophoblast formation and(More)
Numerous gap junctions exist between granulosa cells, between cumulus cells and between cumulus cells and the oocyte. They may play a role in the regulation of both follicular development and oocyte status. We used primary cultures of human granulosa cells to study the molecular nature and functionality of these gap junctions. As shown by a cinemicrographic(More)
The kinetics of the reversible interruption of gap junction communication by the aliphatic alcohol heptanol and the possible mediation of an increase of the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration have been investigated in pairs of myocytes dissociated from neonatal rat ventricles and cultured for 2-3 days. Junctional communication was estimated by measuring either(More)
Connexin (Cx) expression and gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) are involved in development and differentiation processes, and recently mutation of connexin genes has been implicated in pathologies. In the human placenta, two distinct differentiation pathways of cytotrophoblastic cells coexist and lead to a fusion phenotype (villous(More)
For decades, cancer was associated with gap-junction defects. However, more recently it appeared that the gap junction proteins (connexins) could be re-expressed and participate to cancer cell dissemination during the late stages of tumor progression. Since primary tumors of prostate cancer (PCa) are known to be connexin deficient, it was interesting to(More)
A gradual loss of functional gap junction between tumor cells has been reported with colorectal cancer (CRC) progression. Here, we explored if colon cancer cells could also affect gap junctions in blood capillary cells. Human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC) were cultured with two CRC cell lines established from a unique patient. SW480 cells, derived(More)
High levels of circulating heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) are detected in many cancers. In order to explore the effects of extracellular HSP70 on human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC), we initially used gap-FRAP technique. Extracellular human HSP70 (rhHSP70), but not rhHSP27, blocks the gap-junction intercellular communication (GJIC) between HMEC,(More)
Precise diagnosis of low and high grades of brain tumors permits determining therapeutical strategies. So far, diagnosis and prognosis of gliomas were based on histological and genetic criteria which need being completed by a panel of molecular markers. Highly distributed in brain, gap junction proteins, connexins, could be considered as markers of glioma(More)
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