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BACKGROUND Thiopurines represent an effective and widely prescribed therapy in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Concerns about toxicity, mainly resulting from a wide inter-individual variability in thiopurine metabolism, restrict their use. Optimal thiopurine dosing is challenging for preventing adverse drug reactions and improving clinical response. AIM(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS TPMT activity and metabolite determination (6-thioguanine nucleotides [6-TGN] and 6-methylmercaptopurine nucleotides [6-MMPN]) remain controversial during thiopurine management. This study assessed associations between patient characteristics and TPMT activity, and their impact on metabolite levels. PATIENTS & METHODS A retrospective(More)
Alcoholism is a complex disorder involving, among others, the serotoninergic (5-HT) system, mainly regulated by 5-HT(1A) autoreceptors in the dorsal raphe nucleus. 5-HT(1A) autoreceptor desensitization induced by chronic 5-HT reuptake inactivation has been associated with a decrease in ethanol intake in mice. We investigated here whether, conversely,(More)
Phenome-Wide Association Studies (PheWAS) investigate whether genetic polymorphisms associated with a phenotype are also associated with other diagnoses. In this study, we have developed new methods to perform a PheWAS based on ICD-10 codes and biological test results, and to use a quantitative trait as the selection criterion. We tested our approach on(More)
BACKGROUND Polypharmacy without evidence-based support is sometimes needed for patients treated with 40% to 70% clozapine who are clozapine nonresponders. Several somatic augmentation strategies are proposed in the scientific literature, with different levels of evidence for safety and efficacy. OBJECTIVES The purpose of the present study is to review the(More)
There has been considerable progress in the management of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) but further improvement is needed to increase long-term survival. The thiopurine agent 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) used for ALL maintenance therapy has a key influence on clinical outcomes and relapse prevention. Genetic inheritance in thiopurine metabolism plays a(More)
Therapeutic drug monitoring is already widely used for immunosuppressive drugs due to their narrow therapeutic index. This article summarizes evidence reported in the literature regarding the pharmacogenetics of (i) immunosuppressive drugs used in transplantation and (ii) azathioprine used in chronic inflammatory bowel disease. The conditions of use of(More)