Laurent Chancharme

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The psychostimulant drug, modafinil, protects rodents against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) toxicity, striatal ischemia and partial transection of the nigro-striatal pathway. We now report on the ability of modafinil to reverse motor disability in MPTP-treated common marmosets and to prevent MPTP-induced nigral cell death in this(More)
PURPOSE To review the efficacy and tolerability of stiripentol in the treatment of U.S. children with Dravet syndrome. METHODS U.S. clinicians who had prescribed stiripentol for two or more children with Dravet syndrome between March 2005 and 2012 were contacted to request participation in this retrospective study. Data collected included overall seizure(More)
The risk of atherosclerosis is intimately related to the heterogeneity of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles. The potential relationship between oxidative modification of distinct LDL subspecies and induction of apoptosis in arterial wall cells is indeterminate. The capacity of light LDL3 versus dense LDL5 to induce cytotoxicity in endothelial cells as(More)
Hypercholesterolemia is characterized by elevated plasma levels of LDL in which the cholesteryl ester (CE)-rich LDL subclasses of light and intermediate density (LDL1+2 and LDL3, respectively) typically predominate. The molecular mechanisms implicated in oxidation of LDL particle subclasses in hypercholesterolemia are indeterminate. Lipid hydroperoxides(More)
BACKGROUND Thromboxane (TX) A2, prostaglandin endoperoxides and F2-isoprostanes exert their effects through a TX-prostanoid (TP) receptor, also expressed in endothelial cells. We investigated a role of the TP receptor in the endothelial expression of tissue factor (TF), a key trigger to thrombosis. METHODS AND RESULTS Human umbilical vein endothelial(More)
Abundant evidence has been provided to substantiate the elevated cardiovascular risk associated with small, dense, low density lipoprotein (LDL) particles. The diminished resistance of dense LDL to oxidative stress in both normolipidemic and dyslipidemic subjects is established; nonetheless, the molecular basis of this phenomenon remains indeterminate. We(More)
The psychostimulant drug modafinil induces a reversal of motor deficits in MPTP treated primates and prevents MPTP toxicity to substantia nigra but its mechanism of action is not clear. In common marmosets acutely treated with MPTP in the presence or absence of modafinil, we have studied changes in GABA(A) receptor binding in the basal ganglia. MPTP(More)
BACKGROUND The DSM-IV and ICD-10 descriptions of adjustment disorders are broadly similar. Their main features are the following: the symptoms arise in response to a stressful event; the onset of symptoms is within 3 months (DSM-IV) or 1 month (ICD-10) of exposure to the stressor; the symptoms must be clinically significant, in that they are distressing and(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) plays a key role in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis. LDL-apheresis, which involves direct removal of plasma LDL from circulating blood, is an efficient treatment of homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). METHODS We evaluated impact of long-term LDL apheresis treatment on the(More)
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