Laurent Camont

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The concept of raising high-density lipoprotein (HDL) has been the focus of increasing attention as a strategy to reduce cardiovascular disease. HDL particles are, however, highly heterogeneous in structure, intravascular metabolism and biological activity. In this review, we describe major HDL subpopulations and discuss new findings on the antiatherogenic(More)
The solubility and molar absorptivity of trans- and cis-resveratrol isomers in aqueous solvents are poorly described. This study aimed to develop and describe a new simple method for the determination of trans- and cis-resveratrol concentrations in aqueous solutions. Up to 300 microM trans-resveratrol was dissolved in water by sonication for 2h.(More)
OBJECTIVE High-density lipoprotein (HDL) displays multiple atheroprotective activities and is highly heterogeneous in structure, composition, and function; the molecular determinants of atheroprotective functions of HDL are incompletely understood. Because phospholipids represent a major bioactive lipid component of HDL, we characterized the(More)
To evaluate functional and compositional properties of HDL in subjects from a kindred of genetic apoA-I deficiency, two homozygotes and six heterozygotes, with a nonsense mutation at APOA1 codon -2, Q[-2]X, were recruited together with age- and sex-matched healthy controls (n = 11). Homozygotes displayed undetectable plasma levels of apoA-I and reduced(More)
trans-Resveratrol (RVT) (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene), a polyphenolic constituent of red wine, is thought to be beneficial in reducing the incidence of cardiovascular diseases, partly via its antioxidant properties. However, the mechanism of action by which trans-resveratrol displays its antioxidant effect has not been totally unravelled. This study aimed at(More)
This study investigated the in vitro protective effects of three derivatives of resveratrol, i.e., piceatannol (trans-3,5,3',4'-tetrahydroxystilbene), PDM2 (1,3-dichloro-5-[(1E)-2-(4-chlorophenyl)ethenyl]-benzene) and PDM11 ((E)-5-[2-(4-chlorophenyl)ethenyl]-1,3-dimethoxyphenyl-ethene), compared with resveratrol as reference compound, against oxidation of(More)
BACKGROUND Low plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) are typical of acute myocardial infarction (MI) and predict risk of recurrent cardiovascular events. The potential relationships between modifications in the molecular composition and the functionality of HDL subpopulations in acute MI however remain indeterminate. METHODS AND(More)
trans-Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) is a natural polyphenolic compound that exhibits antioxidant properties. Our study aimed at studying the HO*-induced oxidation of resveratrol (100 micromol.L(-1)) in aerated aqueous solutions. Gamma radiolysis of water was used to generate HO*/O(2)(*-) free radicals (I = 10 Gy.min(-1), dose = 400 Gy). Oxidation(More)
Increasing the human plasma concentration of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) may be part of strategy for control of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). HDL particles vary in their structure, metabolism, and biological activity. The review describes major HDL fractions (subpopulations) and discusses new findings on the antiatherogenic properties of HDL particles.(More)
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