Laurent Beydon

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The aim of this work was to analyze changes in cerebral hemodynamics and intracranial pressure (ICP) evoked by mean systemic arterial pressure (SAP) and arterial CO(2) pressure (Pa(CO(2))) challenges in patients with acute brain damage. The study was performed by means of a new simple mathematical model of intracranial hemodynamics, particularly aimed at(More)
Pressure-volume (P-V) curves of the respiratory system allow determination of compliance and lower and upper inflection points (LIP and UIP, respectively). To minimize lung trauma in mechanical ventilation the tidal volume should be limited to the P-V range between LIP and UIP. An automated low flow inflation (ALFI) technique, using a computer-controlled(More)
Mechanical ventilation may promote overdistension-induced pulmonary lesions in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The static pressure-volume (P-V) curve of the respiratory system can be used to determine the lung volume and corresponding static airway pressure at which lung compliance begins to diminish (the upper inflection point, or(More)
BACKGROUND We have developed a proportional-integral-derivative controller allowing the closed-loop coadministration of propofol and remifentanil, guided by a Bispectral Index (BIS) monitor, during induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. The controller was compared with manual target-controlled infusion. METHODS In a multicenter study, 196(More)
BACKGROUND External ventricular drainage (EVD) catheters provide reliable and accurate means of monitoring intracranial pressure and alleviating elevated pressures via drainage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF infections occur in approximately 9% of patients. Antibiotic-impregnated (AI) EVD catheters were developed with the goal of reducing the occurrence(More)
BACKGROUND Continuous care (one anaesthesiologist per patient) and anaesthesiologist empathy at the preoperative visit could affect patient anxiety and satisfaction. We tested both unproven issues in a population at increased risk of anxiety and dissatisfaction. METHODS In this single-blinded single-centre study, 136 women undergoing gynaecologic day-care(More)
The classic model of the respiratory system (RS) is comprised of a Newtonian resistor in series with a capacitor and a viscoelastic unit including a resistor and a capacitor. The flow interruption technique has often been used to study the viscoelastic behavior under constant inspiratory flow rate. To study the viscoelastic behavior of the RS during(More)
Respiratory mechanics, using flow interruption, was previously studied during the complete breath in healthy ventilated man, numerical techniques relieving constraints regarding flow pattern. The classical linear model of non-Newtonian behaviour was found to be valid. The present study was extended to subjects with critical lung disease. Subjects with acute(More)
The mathematical model presented in a previous work is used to simulate the time pattern of intracranial pressure (ICP) and of blood velocity in the middle cerebral artery (VMCA) in response to maneuvers simultaneously affecting mean systemic arterial pressure (SAP) and end-tidal CO2 pressure. In the first stage of this study, a sensitivity analysis was(More)
Few studies have explored the effect of acute pain on attentional networks and on the default mode network. Moreover, these studies convey conflicting results, seemingly caused by design. To reassess this issue, we studied 20 healthy subjects with functional magnetic resonance imaging while delivering painful electric shocks. The design was purposely(More)