Laurent Barbiéro

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Short title: Residual alkalinity and reclamation of sodic soil Summary Soil alkalinisation generally constitutes a major threat to irrigated agriculture in the semi-arid regions of West Africa. The improvement of sodic soils is generally difficult and expensive. However, a recent study in the Niger valley in NIGER, reveals that a natural de-alkalinisation(More)
A distinctive feature of Nhecolândia, a sub-region of the Pantanal wetland in Brazil, is the presence of both saline (alkaline) and freshwater lakes. Saline lakes were attributed to a past arid phase during the Pleistocene, but recent studies have shown that the geochemistry of the saline lakes arises from the current concentration process of fresh waters(More)
Saline-alkaline lakes are extreme environments that limit the establishment and development of life. The Nhecolândia, a subregion of the Pantanal wetland in Brazil, is characterized by the existence of ~500 saline-alkaline lakes, which support an underexplored and rich diversity of microorganisms. In this study, unicellular and homocytous cyanobacteria from(More)
The genus Leptolyngbya Anagnostidis & Komárek (1988) was described from a set of strains identified as 'LPP-group B'. The morphology within this group is not particularly informative and underestimates the group's genetic diversity. In the present study, two new pseudanabaenacean genera related to Leptolyngbya morphotypes, Pantanalinema gen. nov. and(More)
19 20 Biogeochemical and hydrological cycles are currently studied on a small experimental forested 21 watershed (4.5 km²) in the semi-humid South India. This paper presents one of the first data referring 22 to the distribution and dynamics of a widespread red soil (Ferralsols and Chromic Luvisols) and 23 black soil (Vertisols and Vertic intergrades)(More)
The Nhecolândia is a sub-region of the Brazilian Pantanal wetland, where saline and freshwater lakes coexist in close proximity. Measurements of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) content and analysis of fluorescence excitation-emission matrices (EEM) were conducted in an effort to characterize spatial variability in concentration and source of dissolved(More)
Saline areas are a major obstacle to the development of sustainable irrigated agriculture in the Senegal valley. They have been attributed to the incorporation of marine salts in the sediments during the last marine transgression. However, this does not explain their geomorphological situation and geochemical features. They are distributed as strips about(More)
Located in the Upper Paraguay River Basin (UPRB), the Pantanal is considered the world's largest wetland, being rather pristine although increasingly threatened by development programs. The main objective of this paper is to provide a baseline of water chemistry for this region, which is largely unknown as a result of poor accessibility. We used two(More)
Joint pedological, geochemical, hydrological and geophysical investigations were performed to study the coexistence of saline and freshwater lakes in close proximity and similar climatic conditions in the Nhecolândia region, Pantanal wetlands in Brazil. The saline lakes are concentrically surrounded by green sandy loam horizons, which cause differential(More)
The Serra do Mar complex in the southeastern Brazil is subject to frequent landslides especially on the Atlantic coast. The three dimensional organisation of the soil was studied in a 56 ha representative catchment. Upslope in situ soil material has developed from the parent rock, and downslope the soil has resulted from landslide processes. The soil mantle(More)