Learn More
Developing cortical networks generate a variety of coherent activity patterns that participate in circuit refinement. Early network oscillations (ENOs) are the dominant network pattern in the rodent neocortex for a short period after birth. These large-scale calcium waves were shown to be largely driven by glutamatergic synapses albeit GABA is a major(More)
Immature neurons express GABA and glutamate receptors before synapse formation, and both transmitters are released at an early developmental stage. We have now tested the hypothesis that the ongoing release of GABA and glutamate modulates neuronal migration. Using 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine labeling and cocultures of hippocampal slices obtained from naive and(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic transmission in the hippocampus is a widely studied model of memory processes. In the CA1 region, LTP is triggered by the entry of Ca2+ through N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor channels and maintained by the activation of Ca2(+)-sensitive intracellular messengers. We now report that in CA1, a transient block by(More)
We have performed a morphofunctional analysis of CA1 pyramidal neurons at birth to examine the sequence of formation of GABAergic and glutamatergic postsynaptic currents (PSCs) and to determine their relation to the dendritic arborization of pyramidal neurons. We report that at birth pyramidal neurons are heterogeneous. Three stages of development can be(More)
GABA and glutamate receptors are expressed in immature "silent" CA1 pyramidal neurons prior to synapse formation, but their function is unknown. We now report the presence of tonic, spontaneous, and evoked currents in embryonic and neonatal CA1 neurons mediated primarily by the activation of GABA(A) receptors. These currents are mediated by a(More)
The release of endogenous zinc was studied in the hippocampus of the anesthetized rat. Push-pull cannulae were bilaterally introduced in the hippocampus and zinc concentrations determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. We first studied the regional distribution of K+-evoked release of zinc. A 2 min (30 mM) K+ pulse produced a release of endogenous(More)
A brief high frequency tetanic stimulation of afferent fibers induces a long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic transmission, which is manifested by an increase in the size of the synaptic response elicited by low frequency stimulation of the same synapse. LTP persists for several hours in vitro and up to several weeks in vivo, and is at present the most(More)
Glutamate transporters are operative at an early developmental stage well before synapse formation, but their functional significance has not been determined. We now report that blockade of glutamate transporters in the immature neocortex generates recurrent NMDA receptor-mediated currents associated with synchronous oscillations of [Ca2+]i in the entire(More)
1. We have tested, in CA1 hippocampal slices, the hypothesis that the expression of long-term potentiation (LTP) by alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) and/or N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors depends on the degree of NMDA receptors activation during the tetanus. 2. Slices were perfused in an artificial cerebrospinal fluid(More)