Laurens Mommers

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1. Introduction In a legal ontology, we find a structured overview of legal entities, such as rules, norms, and legal institutions, and the relations between such entities. Ontologies provide a relatively stable environment for building models with different purposes, such as agent, communication and domain models. Such models are often meant to process(More)
In this paper, we describe an evaluation framework for legal information systems. The framework is based on knowledge criteria. We distinguish four belief types, viz. perceptual beliefs, testimonial beliefs, inferential beliefs, and interpretative beliefs. Beliefs of these types can be transformed into knowledge by the fulfilment of knowledge criteria. The(More)
Access to legal documents has been hampered by the lack of attention for specific user groups accessing such documents. In this article, we focus on one of these user groups (legal professionals), who can benefit from specific types of cross-lingual information retrieval for, e.g., comparative law research. We propose to use legal definitions as anchor(More)
Considerable attention has been given to the accessibility of legal documents, such as legislation and case law, both in legal information retrieval (query formulation, search algorithms), in legal information dissemination practice (numerous examples of on-line access to formal sources of law), and in legal knowledge-based systems (by translating the(More)
Knowledge and understanding of the law by the citizens of a state is crucial for the legitimacy of governance. There are many examples of legal knowledge deficits, e.g., the lack of legal knowledge of the European Union in its citizens. In order to provide them with understandable and reliable information about the legal framework underlying the European(More)
Legal ontologies are generalised conceptual models of specific parts of the legal domain. They provide stable foundations for knowledge representation. The ontology presented in this paper is based on an analysis of the relation between the legal domain and knowledge about that domain. It is explained how knowledge in the legal domain can be analysed in(More)
For any type of institutionalized dispute resolution, legitimacy is a crucial characteristic, as legitimate dispute resolution promotes, for instance, general trust in state institutions and participation in economic activity. A lack of legitimacy will prevent the acceptance of dispute resolution, and thereby its use. Although many textbook definitions(More)