Laurens Anderson

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Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) is initially expressed as a 26-kDa membrane-bound precusor protein (pro-TNF) that is shed proteolytically from the cell surface, releasing soluble 17-kDa TNF. We have identified human ADAM 10 (HuAD10) from THP-1 membrane extracts as a metalloprotease that specifically clips a peptide substrate spanning the authentic(More)
Certain Escherichia coli mutants defective in phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis accumulate novel glucosamine-derived phospholipids. We previously demonstrated that the simplest of these substance (lipid X) is a diacylglucosamine 1-phosphate bearing beta-hydroxymyristoyl groups at positions 2 and 3 (Takayama, K., Qureshi, N., Mascagni, P., Nashed, M. A.,(More)
The carbon precursors utilized in the biosynthesis of the purine ring have been identified for a variety of heterotrophic systems, including birds, mammals, bacteria, and yeast. With the use of isotopically labeled substrates, carbon atoms 2 and 8 of the purine ring have been shown to derive from formate (2) or from materials which can give rise to active(More)
We have photolyzed cell-free translation systems synthesizing beta-lactamase with 254-nm ultraviolet light. In the presence of canine rough microsomes (RM), incomplete chains of beta-lactamase became enriched relative to the full-length molecule in pellet fractions obtained following photolysis and alkaline carbonate extraction. In addition, high molecular(More)
In 1924, Needham (1) observed the steady excretion of myo-inositol’ by polyuric rats subsisting on a high salt, purified diet. He took this finding as evidence that the rat can synthesize inositol, but it now seems likely that his diet contained appreciable amounts of the compound.2 A number of years later, Woolley (4) found that myo-inositol was the factor(More)
The ferric chloride-catalyzed glycosylation of hydroxy compounds by protected 2-acylamino-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose 1-acetates is described. In addition to known glycosides from the reaction of alcohols with 2-acetamido-1,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose (3), ally (and other alkyl) beta-glycosides were obtained from the N-benzoyl,(More)
The selectively benzylated glycoside allyl 2-acetamido-4,6-di-O-benzyl-2-deoxy-beta-D-galactopranoside (4) was prepared from the corresponding derivative of 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose via the p-bromobenzenesulfonate and the benzoate. 2-O-Benzoyl-3,4,6-tri-O-benzyl-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl (10) was obtained from allyl(More)
Methyl beta-D-xylopyranoside in a mixture of N,N-dimethylformamide and 2-methoxypropene containing a little hydrogen chloride gave preponderantly the 2,3-O-isopropylidene derivative, which was readily converted into its 4-trifluoromethanesulfonate. The facile displacement of the triflate group gave a 4-azido-4-deoxy-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside derivative, and(More)