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Age-related changes in the mammalian circadian system may be associated with a decline in circulating melatonin levels. Using 'jet lag' paradigms involving abrupt shifts in the light-dark cycle, we showed that a melatonin agonist, S-20098, accelerated by approximately 25% resynchronization of the circadian activity rhythm in old hamsters to the new(More)
Disorders of the circadian system have been associated with adverse mental and physical conditions, raising the possibility that pharmacological agents acting on the circadian system could have therapeutic benefit. Compounds acting as agonists or antagonists of melatonin, an endogenous hormone able to feed back on the circadian clock, are currently under(More)
The effects of a melatonin agonist, S-20098, included in the diet were tested on a specific effect of aging in hamsters: the marked decline in the phase shifting effects of a 6-h pulse of darkness on a background of constant light. In contrast to young hamsters, old hamsters fed with the control diet showed little or no phase shifts in response to a dark(More)
UNLABELLED AN EASY TO DETERMINE, RELIABLE, MARKER: The measurement of cortisol in saliva provides to the basic scientist as well as to the clinician a reliable tool for investigations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity. As with plasma cortisol, the level of cortisol in the saliva is a reliable marker of stress. The major advantage of(More)
To determine whether cortisol secretion interacts with daytime sleep in a similar manner to that reported for night sleep, 14 healthy young men were studied during two 24-hour cycles. During one cycle they slept during the night, during the other the sleep period was delayed by 8 hours. Secretory rates were calculated by a deconvolution procedure from(More)
Prenatal stress predisposes rats to long-lasting disturbances that persist throughout adulthood (e.g., high anxiety, dysfunction of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis, and abnormal circadian timing). These disturbances parallel to a large extent those found in depressed patients, in which hypercortisolemia and sleep alterations may be related to(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Stress is an emergent occupational problem in modern societies. Among workers, medical practitioners are particularly exposed. However, data objectifying stress levels during work time are scarce. The aim of this study was to establish diurnal salivary cortisol levels in a highly stressful work environment, the medical dispatch center of an(More)
To determine whether the circadian system of night workers is adapted to a night-active schedule, we submitted 11 night workers and 11 day-active subjects to a 10-min blood sampling procedure during their usual sleep-wake cycle, permitting a precise determination of circadian and ultradian cortisol variations. In night works, the usual shift of 8 h in the(More)
To determine whether the ultradian and circadian rhythms of glucose and insulin secretion rate (ISR) are adapted to their permanent nocturnal schedule, eight night workers were studied during their usual 24-h cycle with continuous enteral nutrition and a 10-min blood sampling procedure and were compared with 8 day-active subjects studied once with nocturnal(More)
We have previously described a temporal relationship between plasma cortisol pulses and slow-wave sleep and, more recently, an inverse significant cross-correlation between cortisol secretory rates and delta wave activity of the sleep electroencephalogram (EEG). The aim of this study was to observe ACTH, cortisol, and sleep delta wave activity variations(More)