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BACKGROUND Microgravity has been thought to induce osteoporosis because of reduced weight-bearing. However, up to now, few data have been available about its precise nature and timecourse. METHODS We measured bone mineral density (BMD) at the distal radius and tibia in 15 cosmonauts of the Russian MIR space station who sojourned in space either 1 (n=two),(More)
Inactivity causes profound deleterious changes. We investigated in eight healthy men the impact of a 42-day head-down bed rest (HDBR) on energy and water metabolism and their interrelationships with body composition (BC) and catabolic and anabolic hormones. Total energy expenditure (TEE), total body water, water turnover, and metabolic water formation were(More)
The bone mineral density and the biochemical parameters exploring bone cell activities were analyzed in two cosmonauts who spent 1 and 6 months, respectively, in the Russian MIR station. Measurements were performed before the flight, after the flight, and after a recovery period. At the end of the first month, peripheral QCT measurements indicated a slight(More)
Bone mass and microarchitecture are the main determinants of bone strength. Three-dimensional micro-computed tomogrpahy has the potential to examine complete bones of small laboratory animals with very high resolution in a non-invasive way. In the presented work, the proximal part of the tibiae of hindlimb unloaded and control rats were measured with 3D(More)
We assessed the effects of tail-suspension in two skeletal genetic backgrounds, the high C3H/HeJ (C3H) and low C57BL/6J (B6) bone masses inbred mice (male, 4-months old). Cancellous bone mass and structural parameters were evaluated in distal femoral metaphysis by three dimensional microcomputed tomography. Bone cellular activities were evaluated by(More)
Bone microarchitecture and mineralization were determined at three-dimensional synchrotron radiation micro computed tomography in two inbred mice strains. Distal metaphysis of the left femur was imaged in three dimensions at 6.65 microm, whereas the right femur was analyzed with histomorphometry. Three-dimensional quantitative parameters of trabecular and(More)
We depict a fragility bone state in two primitive osteoporosis populations using 3D high-resolution peripheral in vivo QCT (HR-pQCT). Postmenopausal women (C, controls, n = 54; WF, wrist, n = 50; HF, hip, n = 62 recent fractured patients) were analyzed for lumbar and hip DXA areal BMD (aBMD), cancellous and cortical volumetric BMD (vBMD), and(More)
The effects of immobilization on bone mass and bone remodeling in patients with spinal cord injuries are known to simulate weightlessness-induced bone changes in astronauts. Nevertheless, immobilization has never been investigated using histomorphometric studies in healthy volunteers. Twenty healthy male volunteers participated in a '120 day bed-rest'(More)
Because a lack of mechanical information favors the development of adipocytes at the expense of osteoblasts, we hypothesized that the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma)-dependent balance between osteoblasts and adipocytes is affected by mechanical stimuli. We tested the robustness of this hypothesis in in vivo rodent osteogenic(More)
Spaceflight data obtained on bone cells, rodents, and humans are beginning to shed light on the importance of gravitational loading on the skeletal system. The space environment is a relevant model to explore the bone cell response to minimal strains. However, whether there is a direct effect of gravity on the cell rather than changes related to lack of(More)