Laurence Vergne

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BACKGROUND Epidemiologic data suggest that infection with herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is associated with increased genital shedding of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA and HIV-1 transmissibility. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of HSV suppressive therapy with valacyclovir (at a dose of 500(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the feasibility, effectiveness, adherence, toxicity and viral resistance in an African government HAART initiative. METHODS A prospective observational cohort study started in Dakar in August 1998. Initial treatment consisted of two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and one protease inhibitor. The patients attended monthly(More)
Apoptosis of CD4(+) T lymphocytes, induced by contact between human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein (gp120) and its receptors, could contribute to the cell depletion observed in HIV-infected individuals. CXCR4 appears to play an important role in gp120-induced cell death, but the mechanisms involved in this apoptotic process(More)
Most human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) drug susceptibility studies have involved subtype B strains. Little information on the impact of viral diversity on natural susceptibility to antiretroviral drugs has been reported. However, the prevalence of non-subtype-B (non-B) HIV type 1 (HIV-1) strains continues to increase in industrialized countries, and(More)
We analysed whether mutations associated with resistance to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs circulate among treatment-naive HIV-1-infected individuals at a period when these drugs started to become more widely available in Africa. Overall, major resistance mutations in the pol gene, as defined by the International AIDS Society Resistance Testing-USA panel, were(More)
BACKGROUND The rapid expansion of antiretroviral treatment in resource-limited settings is raising concerns regarding the emergence and transmission of HIV drug resistance (HIVDR). We evaluated the extent of transmission of drug-resistant HIV strains in four Central African countries: the Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Chad and Cameroon. (More)
The genetic subtype was identified in gag and env of 219 HIV-1-positive samples collected in different African countries, 44 from Senegal, 55 from Cameroon, 82 from Gabon, and 38 from Djibouti. In total, 20 (9.1%) samples had discordant subtypes between gag and env, 6 of 44 (13.9%) in Senegal, 4 of 55 (7.2%) in Cameroon, 1 of 38 (2.6%) in Djibouti, and 10(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the long-term survival, as well as the immunologic and virologic effectiveness, adherence, and drug resistance, in HIV-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in one of the oldest and best-documented African cohorts. METHODS A prospective observational cohort study included the first 176 HIV-1-infected(More)
Phylogenetic analysis of numerous strains of HIV-1 isolated from diverse geographic origins has revealed three distinct groups of HIV-1: groups M, N, and O. Within group M, subtypes, sub-subtypes and circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) exist. Recently, two near-full-length genomes of similar complex mosaic viruses containing fragments of subtypes A, G, I,(More)
The frequency of transmitted HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) was evaluated in the context of rapid scale-up of antiretroviral treatment in Thailand, Vietnam, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, and Senegal by using an adaptation of the WHO generic protocol of the HIV Drug Resistance Threshold Survey (HIVDR-TS) for sample collection and classification.(More)