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BACKGROUND Epidemiologic data suggest that infection with herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is associated with increased genital shedding of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA and HIV-1 transmissibility. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of HSV suppressive therapy with valacyclovir (at a dose of 500(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the feasibility, effectiveness, adherence, toxicity and viral resistance in an African government HAART initiative. METHODS A prospective observational cohort study started in Dakar in August 1998. Initial treatment consisted of two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and one protease inhibitor. The patients attended monthly(More)
Most human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) drug susceptibility studies have involved subtype B strains. Little information on the impact of viral diversity on natural susceptibility to antiretroviral drugs has been reported. However, the prevalence of non-subtype-B (non-B) HIV type 1 (HIV-1) strains continues to increase in industrialized countries, and(More)
Apoptosis of CD4(+) T lymphocytes, induced by contact between human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein (gp120) and its receptors, could contribute to the cell depletion observed in HIV-infected individuals. CXCR4 appears to play an important role in gp120-induced cell death, but the mechanisms involved in this apoptotic process(More)
Among 128 patients routinely receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy in an HIV/AIDS outpatient clinic in Cameroon, 16.4% had drug resistance after a median of 10 months. Of these, 12.5% had resistance to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), 10.2% to non-NRTIs, and 2.3% to protease inhibitors.
OBJECTIVES To assess the long-term survival, as well as the immunologic and virologic effectiveness, adherence, and drug resistance, in HIV-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in one of the oldest and best-documented African cohorts. METHODS A prospective observational cohort study included the first 176 HIV-1-infected(More)
OBJECTIVE To monitor the prevalence of antiretroviral (ARV)-resistant HIV-1 viruses, and the genotypic mutations in patients enrolled in the Senegalese initiative for access to antiretroviral treatment (ART). METHODS A total of 80 patients with a virological follow-up of at least 6 months were selected, 68 were ART-naive and 12 ART-experienced. Genotypic(More)
Genotypic assays are used often to guide clinicians in decisions concerning the treatment of patients. An optimized sequence-based genotypic assay was used to determine the whole protease and reverse transcriptase (RT) gene, including the gag cleavage site region and RNase H region. Since non-B subtypes are increasing in countries where subtype B was the(More)
In this study, we characterized three full-length genome sequences with a similar mosaic structure from epidemiologically unlinked individuals from Cameroon (97CM-MP818) and the Central African Republic (99CF-MP1298 and 99CF-MP1307). Phylogenetic and recombinant analysis confirmed that the three strains had a similar complex recombinant genome, which we can(More)
We analysed whether mutations associated with resistance to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs circulate among treatment-naive HIV-1-infected individuals at a period when these drugs started to become more widely available in Africa. Overall, major resistance mutations in the pol gene, as defined by the International AIDS Society Resistance Testing-USA panel, were(More)