Laurence Vandel

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The histone methyl transferase Suv39H1 is involved in silencing by pericentric heterochromatin. It specifically methylates K9 of histone H3, thereby creating a high affinity binding site for HP1 proteins. We and others have shown recently that it is also involved in transcriptional repression by the retinoblastoma protein Rb. Strikingly, both HP1(More)
The Cyclin E1 gene (CCNE1) is an ideal model to explore the mechanisms that control the transcription of cell cycle-regulated genes whose expression rises transiently before entry into S phase. E2F-dependent regulation of the CCNE1 promoter was shown to correlate with changes in the level of H3-K9 acetylation/methylation of nucleosomal histones positioned(More)
The E2F transcription factor controls the cell cycle-dependent expression of many S-phase-specific genes. Transcriptional repression of these genes in G(0) and at the beginning of G(1) by the retinoblasma protein Rb is crucial for the proper control of cell proliferation. Rb has been proposed to function, at least in part, through the recruitment of histone(More)
A yeast two-hybrid screen has identified HBP1 as a transcription factor capable of interacting with the pocket protein family. We show that HBP1 can interact with one of these, RB, both in vitro and in mammalian cells. Two distinct RB binding sites are present within HBP1--a high affinity binding site, mediated by an LXCXE motif and a separate low affinity(More)
Serratia marcescens S6 produces a pI 9.7 carbapenem-hydrolyzing beta-lactamase that is probably encoded by the chromosome (Y. Yang, P. Wu, and D. M. Livermore, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 34:755-758, 1990). A total of 11.3 kb of genomic DNA from this strain was cloned into plasmid pACYC184 in Escherichia coli. After further subclonings, the(More)
The histone acetyltransferases CREB binding protein (CBP) and the related p300 protein function as key transcriptional co-activators in multiple pathways. In the case of transcriptional activation by nuclear receptors, ligand promotes the recruitment of co-activators of the p160 family, such as GRIP-1. Subsequently, the p160 co-activators recruit other(More)
We have previously shown that an increase in intracellular Ca2+ is both necessary and sufficient to commit ectoderm to a neural fate in Xenopus embryos. However, the relationship between this Ca2+ increase and the expression of early neural genes has yet to be defined. Using a subtractive cDNA library between untreated and caffeine-treated animal caps,(More)
Among the Jun family of transcription factors, only c-Jun displays full transforming potential in cooperation with activated c-Ha-Ras in primary rat embryo fibroblasts. c-Jun in combination with Ras can both induce foci of transformed cells from rat embryo fibroblast monolayers and promote the establishment of these foci as tumoral cell lines. JunB can also(More)
The transcription factor E2F-1 plays a key role in regulating cell cycle progression. Accordingly, E2F-1 activity is itself tightly controlled by a series of transcriptional and post-transcriptional events. Here we show that the E2F-1 activation domain interacts with a kinase activity which phosphorylates two sites, Ser403 and Thr433, within the activation(More)
In vertebrates, skeletal myogenesis involves the sequential activation of myogenic factors to lead ultimately to the differentiation into slow and fast muscle fibers. How transcriptional co-regulators such as arginine methyltransferases PRMT4/CARM1 and PRMT5 control myogenesis in vivo remains poorly understood. Loss-of-function experiments using morpholinos(More)