Laurence T. Maloney

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Various visual cues provide information about depth and shape in a scene. When several of these cues are simultaneously available in a single location in the scene, the visual system attempts to combine them. In this paper, we discuss three key issues relevant to the experimental analysis of depth cue combination in human vision: cue promotion, dynamic(More)
Human and machine visual sensing is enhanced when surface properties of objects in scenes, including color, can be reliably estimated despite changes in the ambient lighting conditions. We describe a computational method for estimating surface spectral reflectance when the spectral power distribution of the ambient light is not known.
Recent computational models of color vision demonstrate that it is possible to achieve exact color constancy over a limited range of lights and surfaces described by linear models. The success of these computational models hinges on whether any sizable range of surface spectral reflectances can be described by a linear model with about three parameters. In(More)
We present two experiments that test the range of applicability of a movement planning model (MEGaMove) based on statistical decision theory. Subjects attempted to earn money by rapidly touching a green target region on a computer screen while avoiding nearby red penalty regions. In two experiments we varied the magnitudes of penalties, the degree of(More)
We present a novel approach to the modeling of motor responses based on statistical decision theory. We begin with the hypothesis that subjects are ideal motion planners who choose movement trajectories to minimize expected loss. We derive predictions of the hypothesis for movement in environments where contact with specified regions carries rewards or(More)
The image of a material's surface varies not only with viewing and illumination conditions, but also with the material's surface properties, including its 3-D texture and specularity. Previous studies on the visual perception of surface material have typically focused on single material properties, ignoring possible interactions. In this study, we used a(More)
We present a stochastic model of suprathreshold perceptual differences based on difference measurement. We develop a maximum likelihood difference scaling (MLDS) method for estimating its parameters and evaluate the reliability and distributional robustness of the fitting method. We also describe a method for testing whether the difference measurement model(More)
We examined how observers discount perceived surface orientation in estimating perceived albedo (lightness). Observers viewed complex rendered scenes binocularly. The orientation of a test patch was defined by depth cues of binocular disparity and linear perspective. On each trial, observers first estimated the orientation of the test patch in the scene by(More)
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic or mechanical means (including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval) without permission in writing from the publisher. Introduction What computations occur in early motion analysis in biological and machine vision? One common hypothesis is that(More)