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Sixty-eight spring calving Holstein-Friesian dairy cows on completion of lactation were randomly assigned to one of four dietary treatments. The experiment commenced on 17th December 2005 and was completed on 27th June 2006. Pre-experimental live weight and BCS were 605kg (s.d. 68.9) and 2.7 (s.d 0.28), respectively. The four treatments were: ad-lib grass(More)
A processing-sector model was developed that simulates (i) milk collection, (ii) standardization, and (iii) product manufacture. The model estimates the product yield, net milk value, and component values of milk based on milk quantity, composition, product portfolio, and product values. Product specifications of cheese, butter, skim and whole milk powders,(More)
Paratuberculosis (also called Johne's disease) is a chronic disease caused by Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) that affects ruminants and other animals. The epidemiology of paratuberculosis is complex and the clinical manifestations and economic impact of the disease in cattle can be variable depending on factors such as herd management, age,(More)
A stochastic budgetary simulation model of a dairy farm was developed to allow investigation of the effects of varying biological, technical, and physical processes on farm profitability. The model integrates animal inventory and valuation, milk supply, feed requirement, land and labor utilization, and economic analysis. A key model output is the estimated(More)
The objective of this paper was to compare the economic efficiency of 3 divergent strains of Holstein-Friesian cows--high-production North American (HP), high-durability North American (HD), and New Zealand (NZ)--across a variety of Irish pasture-based production systems: Moorepark (MP), high concentrate (HC), and high stocking rate (HS). Physical(More)
Life cycle assessment (LCA) and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) guideline methodology, which are the principal greenhouse gas (GHG) quantification methods, were evaluated in this study using a dairy farm GHG model. The model was applied to estimate GHG emissions from two contrasting dairy systems: a seasonal calving pasture-based dairy(More)
The objective of this paper was to estimate the effect of the costs of mastitis on the profitability of Irish dairy farms as indicated by various ranges of bulk milk somatic cell count (BMSCC). Data were collected from 4 sources and included milk production losses, cases treated, and on-farm practices around mastitis management. The Moorepark Dairy Systems(More)
Sexed semen technology is now commercially available in many countries around the world, and is primarily used in dairy cattle breeding. Sperm are sorted by flow cytometry on the basis of a 4% difference in DNA content between sperm containing X and Y chromosomes. Despite reliably producing a 90% gender bias, the fertility of the sexed semen product is(More)
Fifty-six spring calving Holstein-Friesian dairy cows (body weight=607 kg and body condition score=2.75), destined for culling, were randomly assigned to one of four experimental treatments. Cows were confirmed non-pregnant by rectal palpation. The experiment was split into two periods: over-wintering period (OWP) and spring finishing period (SFP). Animals(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of age, body weight (BW) and body condition score (BCS) of maiden Holstein-Friesian heifers before mating start date (MSD) on the rate of puberty, subsequent production and longevity and their implications with regard to farm profitability. Data were available on 871 Holstein-Friesian heifers from 48 herds.(More)