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We present an automated, knowledge-based method for segmenting chest computed tomography (CT) datasets. Anatomical knowledge including expected volume, shape, relative position, and X-ray attenuation of organs provides feature constraints that guide the segmentation process. Knowledge is represented at a high level using an explicit anatomical model. The(More)
Spectral tissue strain (STS) is a new technique for measuring and imaging tissue strain from a set of images using intravascular ultrasound. The technique is based on the Fourier scaling property and uses the chirp z-transform (CZT) to estimate strain within the vessel walls. Some preliminary results, both in vitro and in vivo, are described. A novel(More)
The data on the relationship of sound speed to tissue condition, and the development of methods for measurement of sound speed in vivo, are outlined. The methods developed by the authors are discussed. These include methods which use the spatial shift in images of targets viewed from different directions, time-of-flight measurements along incrementally(More)
A frequency domain signal processing scheme is developed for measuring attenuation and attenuation slope in vivo, using equally spaced depth samples and linear regression techniques. The algorithm may be expressed in terms of linear, commuting operators acting on an array of log power spectra. By interchanging operators, a computationally efficient scheme(More)
A broadband telehealth system has been developed for supporting critical care services between a major referral hospital and a rural hospital by transmitting very high-quality, realtime multimedia information, including images, audio and real-time video, over an Internet Protocol (IP)-based network. The technical design team took an iterative and(More)
We present a knowledge-based approach to segmentation and analysis of the lung boundaries in chest X-rays. Image edges are matched to an anatomical model of the lung boundary using parametric features. A modular system architecture was developed which incorporates the model, image processing routines, an inference engine and a blackboard. Edges associated(More)
The measurement of tissue attenuation from pulse-echo data has been widely investigated. This paper examines correction of the measurements for the effect of the transducer beam. Computer and experimental studies are performed on a number of reflectors including smooth and rough planes, ideal point scatterers, T.M. material and liver and spleen tissue. It(More)
The action of reflection and refraction in producing shadows and enhancement in ultrasonic echograms behind cystic structures is well known, but the physical explanations usually used are incomplete. In this paper the emergent beam patterns for a number of cases are plotted and this data used to explain the shadows and enhancement observed. Cases are also(More)
Excised femoral and iliac artery segments have been examined with 20 MHz intravascular ultrasound followed by histological assessment. During the ultrasound examinations, radio-frequency (RF) data were recorded digitally, and used for calculating local values of attenuation slope throughout the tissue, using a frequency-domain technique. The RF data were(More)