Laurence S. Tiley

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Replication of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 requires the functional expression of the virally encoded Rev protein. The binding of this nuclear trans activator to its viral target sequence, the Rev-response element, induces the cytoplasmic expression of unspliced viral mRNAs. Mutation of the activation domain of Rev generates inactive proteins with(More)
Expression of the structural proteins of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 requires the direct interaction of multiple copies of the viral Rev protein with its highly structured RNA target sequence, the Rev response element (RRE). Nucleotides critical for Rev monomer binding have been mapped by chemical interference to a single site flanking the base of(More)
Expression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 structural proteins requires both the viral Rev trans-activator and its cis-acting RNA target sequence, the Rev response element (RRE). The RRE has been mapped to a conserved region of the HIV-1 env gene and is predicted to form a complex, highly stable RNA stem-loop structure. Site-directed mutagenesis was(More)
Multimerization of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Rev protein is believed to be critical to its biological activity. However, the precise protein sequence requirements for Rev multimerization in vivo, and whether multimerization is facilitated by specific RNA binding or vice versa, has remained controversial. In this report, we describe a(More)
Whether chicken Mx inhibits influenza virus replication is an important question with regard to strategies aimed at enhancing influenza resistance in domestic flocks. The Asn631 polymorphism of the chicken Mx protein found in the Shamo (SHK) chicken line was previously reported to be crucial for the antiviral activity of this highly polymorphic chicken(More)
The enzymatic activity of recombinant influenza virus RNA polymerase is strictly dependent on the addition of a template RNA containing 5' and 3' viral sequences. Here we report the analysis of the binding specificity and physical characterization of the complex by using gel shift, modification interference, and density gradient techniques. The 13S complex(More)
Infection of chickens with avian influenza virus poses a global threat to both poultry production and human health that is not adequately controlled by vaccination or by biosecurity measures. A novel alternative strategy is to develop chickens that are genetically resistant to infection. We generated transgenic chickens expressing a short-hairpin RNA(More)
Among eukaryotic transcription trans-activators, the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Tat protein is exceptional in that its target site TAR is an RNA rather than a DNA sequence. Here, we confirm that fusion of Tat to the RNA-binding domain of the HIV-1 Rev protein permits the efficient activation of an HIV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR) promoter(More)
Genome segmentation facilitates reassortment and rapid evolution of influenza A virus. However, segmentation complicates particle assembly as virions must contain all eight vRNA species to be infectious. Specific packaging signals exist that extend into the coding regions of most if not all segments, but these RNA motifs are poorly defined. We measured(More)
In the initial stages of influenza virus infection, the hemagglutinin (HA) protein of influenza virus mediates both adsorption and penetration of the virus into the host cell. Recently, we identified and characterized BMY-27709 as an inhibitor of the H1 and H2 subtypes of influenza A virus that specifically inhibits the HA function necessary for virus-cell(More)