Laurence Ponsonnet

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OBJECTIVES The study of surface properties is a recent and crucial issue in the biomaterial fields applied to Odontology. The reference biomaterial in dental implantology is titanium. The principal objective is a perfect bio-integration in the oral ecosystem, both in terms of mucosal and bone tissues. The aim of this work was to optimize the tissue-titanium(More)
Polyethyleneimine (PEI) is a synthetic polymer commonly used as precursor base layer in polyelectrolyte multilayer films. However, the biological properties of this cationic macromolecule are poorly understood. The aim of this experimental investigation was to evaluate in vitro the biocompatibility of PEI towards two different human cell lines. The(More)
The aim of the present investigation was to compare the in vitro bacterial retention on saliva-coated implant materials (pure titanium grade 2 (cp-Ti) and a titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) surfaces), presenting similar surface roughness, and to assess the influence of physico-chemical surface properties of bacterial strain and implant materials on in vitro(More)
Orthodontic wires are frequently packaged in individual sealed bags in order to avoid cross-contamination. The instructions on the wrapper generally advise autoclave sterilization of the package and its contents if additional protection is desired. However, sterilization can modify the surface parameters and the mechanical properties of many types of(More)
Large polysaccharide molecules composing the glycocalyx have been shown to prevent cell adhesion. However, this process was not observed microscopically. Terbium labeling, combined with a new quantitative imaging method based on electron energy loss spectroscopy, allowed specific glycocalyx staining with excellent contrast. Image analysis enabled us to(More)
In recent years, cell-based biosensors (CBBs) have been very useful in biomedicine, food industry, environmental monitoring and pharmaceutical screening. They constitute an economical substitute for enzymatic biosensors, but cell immobilization remains a limitation in this technology. To investigate into the potential applications of cell-based biosensors,(More)
We report a new approach for detecting DNA hybridisation using non faradaic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The technique was applied to a system of DNA probes bearing amine groups that are immobilized by covalent grafting on a supporting polypyrrole matrix functionalised with activated ester groups. The kinetics of the attachment of the ss-DNA(More)
To study cell attachment to biomaterials, several proteins such as fibronectin, collagen IV, heparin, immunoglobulin G, and albumin have been deposited onto polystyrene adsorbed on a self-assembled monolayer (silane or thiol) on glass or gold, respectively. The different steps of this multilayer assembly have been characterized by electrochemical impedance(More)
Modifying the electrical properties of fibroblasts against various glucose concentrations can serve as a basis for a new, original sensing device. The aim of the present study is to test a new biosensor based on impedancemetry measurement using eukaryote cells. Fibroblast cells were grown on a small optically transparent indium tin oxide semiconductor(More)
The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technique has been shown to be an effective tool for monitoring endothelial cell behaviour on a multilayer functionalised gold electrode. Polystyrene, a reproducible model substrate, is deposited as a thin layer on a thiol functionalised gold electrode. Fibronectin, a protein promoting endothelial cell(More)