Laurence Oms

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Since laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard procedure for the treatment of gallstone disease, several cases have been reported in patients with situs inversus. These cases require more technically demanding procedures due to the symmetrical disposition of the anatomy. Thus, handedness could influence the performance of these operations. The(More)
BACKGROUND Catheter hub contamination is being increasingly recognized as a source of catheter-related sepsis. The authors have investigated the efficacy of a new hub design in preventing endoluminal catheter contamination and catheter-related sepsis arising at the hub. METHODS Adult surgical and intensive care patients requiring a subclavian catheter for(More)
We investigated in vitro the antibacterial properties of a simulated new hub model in which the female part has an antiseptic chamber through which the needle (male part) must pass before connection of the set and the catheter. To establish the time needed for disinfection, the magnitude of reduction of the contaminating inocula by the new hub model, and(More)
Renal failure complicating obstructive jaundice (OJ) is probably linked to reduction of the extracellular water compartment. To elucidate the mechanism by which OJ leads to isotonic water depletion we studied a group of rabbits with OJ after common bile duct ligation (n = 17) and another group of sham operated rabbits (n = 14) for 10 days. Water intake and(More)
A revision is made of the issue regarding sepsis related to central intravenous catheterization. A special point was made on the relevance of latest discoveries in the field of pathogenicity in order to prevent, diagnose and treat this entity. Preventive measures should be geared to avoid intralumen infection, and success may depend on new connection models(More)
We have developed an animal model to study the pathogenesis of secondary hyperparathyroidism by inducing stable uremia in Sprague-Dawley rats by selective microligation of terminal branches of the left renal artery, followed by right nephrectomy. After 4 weeks the animals were killed, the parathyroid glands were removed and weighed, and blood samples were(More)
The shortage function has recently been introduced in portfolio selection theory for measuring efficiency. In this paper we focuss on the case of shortselling.We show that, in such a case, the shortage function can be computed in closed form. Some issues concerning duality are also analyzed.Wealso analyze the case of a riskless asset. 2013 Elsevier Inc. All(More)
BACKGROUND There are many doubts as to the efficacy of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis versus the methods of local treatment in the prevention of infection of the contaminated surgical wound. A controlled prospective study was designed to compare the effectiveness of a combination of parenteral antibiotics with lavage with physiologic serum of the surgical(More)
To elucidate the pathogenesis of renal insufficiency associated with obstructive jaundice we have studied spontaneous water intake and body water compartments in rabbits undergoing common bile duct ligation. Total body water, extracellular water and plasma volume were measured by multi-isotope dilution technique. During the initial 6 postoperative days(More)