Laurence Mioche

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1. With the use of chronically implanted floating microelectrodes, we obtained simultaneous single-unit recordings from multiple sites in the kitten striate cortex and followed experience-dependent modifications of receptive-field properties. For induction of experimental modifications, we used the paradigm of monocular deprivation and reverse occlusion.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of age and dental status on chewing performance in humans. DESIGN Electromyography recordings (EMG) were made during chewing of six foods (rice, beef, cheese, crispy bread, apple, and peanuts) to compare the masticatory patterns of four subject groups with different ages and dental status. SUBJECTS Nineteen elders (mean(More)
Adjustments of mastication to food texture have been examined in various studies, but the notion of food texture is often ill defined and usually assessed in terms of hardness. The goal of this study was to examine the pattern of activity in masseter and temporalis muscles during mastication of different food samples with known textural properties and to(More)
The dental-arch surfaces preferentially used in mastication were studied by measuring functional and occlusal surface areas and comparing these to the number of chews required to swallow foods of different texture properties. The functional surface of the teeth was defined as the total area of visible wear facets on post-incisal teeth, adding to it the(More)
Recent studies of the manipulation and reduction of food in the human mouth have used lateral-projection videofluorography (VFG) and so have concerned antero-posterior food movement. To determine the degree to which (a) food was chewed bilaterally as opposed to unilaterally, (b) the frequency of side changes, (c) the contribution of tongue and cheek(More)
Residual visual capacities were investigated in the central and peripheral visual fields of 13 patients with bilateral deprivation amblyopia secondary to congenital cataracts removed at an early age. In comparison with a control group of normal subjects, spatial modulation sensitivity function of the amblyopes was markedly impaired in each experimental(More)
Age, health status and disease treatments are thought to influence salivary flow. In this study, age effect on salivation was compared in non-feeding (at rest and during parafilm chewing) and feeding (during meat chewing) conditions for two groups of healthy subjects, 25 young subjects (mean age 27.4 years) and 20 old subjects (mean age 71.2 years). In(More)
The present review covers current knowledge about the ageing of oral physiology related to mastication and its effects on eating behaviour. Mastication is the first process undergone by a food during feeding. It has a key role in the maintenance of nutritional status in two respects. First, the perceptions of food's sensory properties elicited during(More)
Bolus formation depends on chewing process that evolves with age. This study aims to analyze the effect of age on chewing behavior (recorded by EMG) and the consequences on bolus formation for meat products. Twenty-five young adults (age range: 25-30) and 20 healthy elderly (age range: 68-73) having at least six pairs of natural postcanine teeth(More)
This study was undertaken to evaluate the sensitivity of denture wearers to different food textures and to follow masticatory pattern adaptation with variation in texture using electromyography (EMG) recordings. Nine patients with complete dentures and 9 dentate control patients without any oro-dental pathology were studied. Six different samples of beef(More)