Laurence Leconte

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The retina pigment epithelium (RPE) is fundamental for the development and function of the vertebrate eye. Molecularly, the presumptive RPE can be identified by the early expression of two transcription factors, Mitf and Otx. In mice deficient for either gene, RPE development is impaired with loss of melanogenic gene expression, raising the possibility that(More)
In the endocrine pancreas, alpha-cell-specific expression of the glucagon gene is mediated by DNA-binding proteins that interact with the G1 proximal promoter element. Among these proteins, the paired domain transcription factor Pax-6 has been shown to bind to G1 and to transactivate glucagon gene expression. Close to the Pax-6-binding site, we observed the(More)
Pax-6 and microphthalmia transcription factor (Mitf) are required for proper eye development. Pax-6, expressed in both the neuroretina and pigmented retina, has two DNA-binding domains: the paired domain and the homeodomain. Mice homozygous for Pax-6 mutations are anophthalmic. Mitf, a basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper (b-HLH-LZ) transcription factor(More)
Dorsoventral pattern formation of the optic cup is essential for vertebrate eye morphogenesis and retinotectal topographic mapping. Dorsal and ventral aspects of the eye are distinct at early stages of development; cVax homeodomain protein expression is confined to the ventral optic cup, whereas Tbx5 (T-box transcription factor) expression domain becomes(More)
We have performed a detailed analysis of the expression pattern of the three gnathostome Otx classes in order to gain new insights into their functional evolution. Expression patterns were examined in the developing eye of a chondrichthyan, the dogfish, and an amniote, the chick, and compared with the capacity of paralogous proteins to induce a pigmented(More)
Initial expression of the neurofilament light gene coincides with the appearance of postmitotic neurons. To investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in neuron-specific gene expression during embryogenesis, we generated transgenic mice carrying various regions of the human neurofilament light gene (hNF-L) fused to thelacZ reporter gene. We found that(More)
Mitf encodes a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that plays an essential role in the differentiation of the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) and neural crest-derived melanocytes. As cells containing melanogenic enzymes (TRP2) are found in Mitf mouse mutants, it is not clear whether Mitf is a downstream factor or a master regulator of melanocyte(More)
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