Laurence Ladrière

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OBJECTIVE Chronic exposure of pancreatic beta-cells to saturated free fatty acids (FFAs) causes endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis and may contribute to beta-cell loss in type 2 diabetes. Here, we evaluated the molecular mechanisms involved in the protection of beta-cells from lipotoxic ER stress by glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 agonists(More)
1 ␤-Cells under immune attack are destroyed by the aberrant activation of key intracellular signaling cascades. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the contribution of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-1 pathway for ␤-cell apoptosis by studying the sensitivity of ␤-cells from STAT-1 knockout (؊/؊) mice to immune-mediated(More)
OBJECTIVE Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease caused in almost all cases by homozygosity for a GAA trinucleotide repeat expansion in the frataxin gene. Frataxin is a mitochondrial protein involved in iron homeostasis. FRDA patients have a high prevalence of diabetes, the pathogenesis of which is not known. We aimed(More)
To shed light on islet cell molecular phenotype in human type 2 diabetes (T2D), we studied the transcriptome of non-diabetic (ND) and T2D islets to then focus on the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS), the major protein degradation pathway. We assessed gene expression, amount of ubiquitinated proteins, proteasome activity, and the effects of proteasome(More)
OBJECTIVE Exposure of beta-cells to inflammatory cytokines leads to apoptotic cell death through the activation of gene networks under the control of specific transcription factors, such as interferon-gamma-induced signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-1. We previously demonstrated that beta-cells lacking STAT-1 are resistant to(More)
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