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RATIONALE Pharmacological manipulations of the type 1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1) suggest a role for CB1 in morphine-induced antinociception, but studies utilizing CB1 knockout (KO) mice do not support this conclusion. Since studies using CB1 KO mice to study morphine's antinociceptive effects have only examined thermal nociception, this study examines these(More)
The net effect of µ-opioid receptor agonists on intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) in rats reflects an integration of rate-increasing and rate-decreasing effects. Previous opioid exposure is associated with tolerance to rate-decreasing effects and the augmented expression of abuse-related rate-increasing effects. This finding was replicated here with(More)
This study explored the relationships in man between various pharmacological effect of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), plasma THC concentration, and pharmacokinetic parameters of THC. Three male and three female experienced marihuana users smoked two standard marihuana cigarettes. The relationships between heart rate, subjective "high" rating, Linear(More)
Nine groups of rats (n = 6 per group) were adapted to a daily one-half hour period of water availability. When intake had stabilized, they were allowed access to a 0.1% (w/v) solution of saccharin, and immediately afterward were given IP injections of isotonic saline; bupropion HCl (10.0, 20.0, or 40.0 mg/kg); d-amphetamine-sulfate (0.5, 1.0, 2.0 mg/kg); or(More)
Male golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) were examined from 3 to 9 wk of age for morphological, physiological, and behavioral indices of sexual maturation. Although each of the eight variables selected for measurement displayed a unique developmental profile, a principal-components analysis of these variables resulted in the extraction of two principal(More)
The effect of marijuana on memory was evaluated by presenting two groups of 17 male volunteers with lists of repeated or nonrepeated words following administration of a single marijuana cigarette containing 14 mg delta9-THC. An immediate free recall, final free recall and recognition memory test followed. Results indicated that marijuana significantly(More)
The role of genetic factors in determining risk for status epilepticus (SE) was examined in twins identified using the population-based Virginia Twin Registry. Concordance rates for SE were 0.38 for monozygotic (MZ) and 0.00 for dizygotic (DZ) twins, with the rate in MZs being significantly increased over DZs. The prevalence of SE in MZ co-twins of affected(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the roles of genetic and environmental factors in the etiology of epilepsy and seizures in twins ascertained from the Virginia Twin Registry. Health history information on twins was collected by questionnaire. Concordance rates were calculated and used to estimate degree of concordance for seizure types in(More)
Intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) is a behavioral procedure in which operant responding is maintained by pulses of electrical brain stimulation. In research to study abuse-related drug effects, ICSS relies on electrode placements that target the medial forebrain bundle at the level of the lateral hypothalamus, and experimental sessions manipulate(More)
Bupropion hydrochloride (100, 200, and 400 mg), d-amphetamine sulfate (15 and 30 mg), and placebo were compared in 13 volunteers who had histories of amphetamine abuse. Each dose was given orally at intervals of 3 or more days according to a double-blind, randomized crossover design. Bupropion had little or no effect on blood pressure, pulse rate,(More)