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The lipase superfamily includes three vertebrate and three invertebrate (dipteran) proteins that show significant amino acid sequence similarity to one another. The vertebrate proteins are lipoprotein lipase (LPL), hepatic lipase (HL), and pancreatic lipase (PL). The dipteran proteins are Drosophila yolk proteins 1, 2, and 3. We review the relationships(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyze the parameters measured in the field, during transport, and upon arrival of the physiologic condition of patients sustaining penetrating cardiac injuries, along with the Cardiovascular Respiratory Score (CVRS) component of the Trauma Score, the mechanism and anatomical site of injury, operative characteristics, and cardiac rhythm as(More)
BACKGROUND Thymoglobulin, a rabbit anti-human thymocyte globulin, was compared with Atgam, a horse anti-human thymocyte globulin for the treatment of acute rejection after renal transplantation. METHODS A multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial with enrollment stratification based on standardized histology (Banff grading) was conducted. Subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) that results from LDL receptor (LDLR) deficiency affects approximately 1 in 500 persons in the heterozygous state and approximately 1 in 1 million persons in the homozygous state. We tested a novel gene therapy strategy for the treatment of FH in a mouse model. METHODS AND RESULTS We delivered the VLDL(More)
We have produced gene knockout mice by targeted disruption of the apobec-1 gene. As recently reported by Hirano et al. (Hirano, K.-I., Young, S. G., Farese, R. V., Jr., Ng, J., Sande, E., Warburton, C., Powell-Braxton, L. M., and Davidson, N. O. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 9887-9890), these animals do not edit apolipoprotein (apo) B mRNA or produce apoB-48.(More)
APOBEC-1, which mediates the editing of apolipoprotein (apo) B mRNA, is the only known member of the C (cytidine)-->U (uridine) editing enzyme subfamily of the cytidine deaminase supergene family. Here we report the cloning of APOBEC-2, another member of the subfamily. Human and mouse APOBEC-2 both contain 224 amino acid residues, and their genes are mapped(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence and nature of errors in the citation and quotation of references contained in the emergency medicine literature. DESIGN A retrospective analysis of a random sample of articles and references found in the three major emergency medicine journals. SETTING A university/county hospital. METHODS We examined single(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that women with acute myocardial infarction receive less aggressive therapy than men. We used data from the Cooperative Cardiovascular Project to determine whether women and men who were ideal candidates for therapy after acute myocardial infarction were treated differently. METHODS Information was abstracted(More)
Ideally, somatic gene therapy should result in lifetime reversal of genetic deficiencies. However, to date, phenotypic correction of monogenic hyperlipidemia in mouse models by in vivo gene therapy has been short-lived and associated with substantial toxicity. We have developed a helper-dependent adenoviral vector (HD-Ad) containing the apolipoprotein (apo)(More)