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The Autonomy and Robotics Area (ARA) at NASA Ames Research Center has investigated the use of various types of Virtual Reality-based operator interfaces to remotely control complex robotic mechanisms. In this paper, we describe the major accomplishments and technology applications of the ARA in this area, and highlight the advantages and issues related to(More)
In Summer 2007, we field-tested a robotic survey system at Haughton Crater (Devon Island, Canada). Two NASA Ames K10 planetary rovers performed systematic surveys of several simulated lunar sites, including a roughly 700m x 700m region called Drill Hill. The rovers carried a 3D scanning lidar for topog-raphic mapping and ground penetrating radar to map(More)
A series of epidemiological, clinical and experimental studies have shown that there are associations between the fetal and neonatal nutritional environment and the amount and distribution of adipose tissue in adult life. This review considers the evidence for these relationships and discusses the potential impact of the prenatal nutritional experience on(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic fibrosis is a monogenic disease that deranges multiple systems of ion transport in the airways, culminating in chronic infection and destruction of the lung. The introduction of a normal copy of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene into the airway epithelium through gene transfer is an attractive approach to(More)
Because patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) may be predisposed to airway infections with unusual microorganisms, we screened the sputum of adult CF patients for mycobacterial organisms. Acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smears and mycobacterial culture were performed on 297 sputum specimens from 87 patients. Cultures for mycobacteria were frequently overgrown with(More)
This paper describes the K9 rover operations at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) during a dual-rover field experiment involving the NASA Ames Research Center's K9 rover and JPL's FIDO rover in May of 2000. We will describe the use of various ground tools used for sequence generation and the onboard conditional executive.
Since 2004, NASA has been working to return to the Moon. In contrast to the Apollo missions, two key objectives of the current exploration program are to establish surface infrastructure and an outpost. Achieving these objectives will enable long-duration stays and long-distance exploration of the Moon. To do this, robotic systems will be needed to perform(More)
It has been proposed that maternal nutrient restriction may alter the functional development of the adipocyte and the synthesis and secretion of the adipocyte-derived hormone, leptin, before birth. We have investigated the effects of restricted periconceptional undernutrition and/or restricted gestational nutrition on fetal plasma leptin concentrations and(More)
Introduction: The Mars Orbital Laser Altimeter (MOLA) has significantly advanced the study of the Martian surface by providing geologists with a highly accurate elevation map of the entire planet [1]. However , its limited resolution (463m/pixel at the equator) and localized interpolation artifacts have rendered it insufficient for detailed studies of(More)
Modern NASA planetary exploration missions employ complex systems of hardware and software managed by large teams of engineers and scientists in order to study remote environments. The most complex and successful of these recent projects is the Mars Exploration Rover mission. The Computational Sciences Division at NASA Ames Research Center delivered a 3D(More)