Laurence H. Patterson

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NAD(P)H dependent cytochrome P450's and other haemoproteins under hypoxia, mediate two-electron reduction of a wide range of structurally dissimilar N-oxides to their respective tertiary amines. Metabolic reduction can be utilised, in acute and chronic hypoxia, to convert N-oxides of DNA affinic agents to potent and persistent cytotoxins. In this respect a(More)
AQ4N (1,4-bis([2-(dimethylamino-N-oxide)ethyl]amino)5,8-dihydroxy- anthracene-9,10-dione) is a novel alkylaminoanthraquinone N-oxide which, on reduction, forms a stable DNA affinic cytotoxic compound AQ4. The in vivo anti-tumour efficacy of AQ4N was investigated in B6D2F1 mice bearing the T50/80 mammary carcinoma. The effect of the drug was evaluated in(More)
AQ4N (banoxatrone) (1,4-bis-{[2-(dimethylamino-N-oxide)ethyl]amino}-5,8-dihydroxyanthracene-9,10-dione) is an example of a bioreductive prodrug in clinical development. In hypoxic cells AQ4N is reduced to the topoisomerase II inhibitor AQ4 (1,4-bis- {[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]amino}-5,8-dihydroxyanthracene-9,10-dione). By inhibition of topoisomerase II within(More)
 We studied the role of DNA topoisomerase II in the biological actions of a series of novel alkylaminoanthraquinones, including N-oxide derivatives designed as prodrugs liable to bioreductive activation in hypoxic tumour cells. Drug structures were based upon the DNA-binding anticancer topoisomerase II poison mitoxantrone with modifications to the(More)
An ideal cancer chemotherapeutic prodrug is completely inactive until metabolized by a tumour-specific enzyme, or by an enzyme that is only metabolically competent towards the prodrug under physiological conditions unique to the tumour. Human cancers, including colon, breast, lung, liver, kidney and prostate, are known to express cytochrome P450 (CYP)(More)
The expression of drug metabolising cytochrome P450s (CYPs) notably 1A, 1B, 2C, 3A, 2D subfamily members have been identified in a wide range of human cancers. Individual tumour types have distinct P450 profiles as studied by detection of P450 activity, identification of immunoreactive CYP protein and detection of CYP mRNA. Selected P450s, especially(More)
Here we report the identification and approximate quantification of cytochrome P450 (CYP) proteins in human liver microsomes as determined by nano-LC-MS/MS with application of the exponentially modified protein abundance index (emPAI) algorithm during database searching. Protocols based on 1D-gel protein separation and 2D-LC peptide separation gave(More)
Preclinical studies demonstrate that in vivo AQ4N enhances the anti-tumour effects of radiation and chemotherapeutic agents with a dose-modifying factor of approximately 2.0. With careful scheduling no, or very little, additional normal tissue toxicity should be observed. AQ4N is a bioreductive prodrug of a potent, stable, reduction product which binds(More)
BACKGROUND The multiparameter fluorometric analysis of intact and fixed cells often requires the use of a nuclear DNA discrimination signal with spectral separation from visible range fluorochromes. We have developed a novel deep red fluorescing bisalkylaminoanthraquinone, DRAQ5 (Ex(lambdamax) 646 nm; Em(lambdamax) 681 nm; Em(lambdarange) 665->800 nm), with(More)
Resveratrol is a cancer preventative agent that is found in red wine. Piceatannol is a closely related stilbene that has antileukaemic activity and is also a tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Piceatannol differs from resveratrol by having an additional aromatic hydroxy group. The enzyme CYP1B1 is overexpressed in a wide variety of human tumours and catalyses(More)