Laurence Gruer

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The close correspondence between energy intake and expenditure over prolonged time periods, coupled with an apparent protection of the level of body adiposity in the face of perturbations of energy balance, has led to the idea that body fatness is regulated via mechanisms that control intake and energy expenditure. Two models have dominated the discussion(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of tobacco smoking on the survival of men and women in different social positions. DESIGN A cohort observational study. SETTING Renfrew and Paisley, two towns in west central Scotland. PARTICIPANTS 8353 women and 7049 men aged 45-64 years recruited in 1972-6 (almost 80% of the population in this age group). The cohort(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relations between causes of death, social position, and obesity in women who had never smoked. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Renfrew and Paisley, Scotland. PARTICIPANTS 8353 women and 7049 men aged 45-64 were recruited to the Renfrew and Paisley Study in 1972-6. Of these, 3613 women had never smoked and were the(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking and consuming alcohol are both related to increased mortality risk. Their combined effects on cause-specific mortality were investigated in a prospective cohort study. METHODS Participants were 5771 men aged 35-64, recruited during 1970-73 from various workplaces in Scotland. Data were obtained from a questionnaire and a screening(More)
A long-term cohort study of working men in Israel found that smokers who reduced their cigarette consumption had lower subsequent mortality rates than those who did not. We conducted comparable analyses in 2 populations of smokers in Scotland. The Collaborative Study included 1,524 men and women aged 40-65 years in a working population who were screened(More)
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