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OBJECTIVE To measure change in adult non-smokers' exposure to secondhand smoke in public and private places after smoke-free legislation was implemented in Scotland. DESIGN Repeat cross sectional survey. SETTING Scotland. PARTICIPANTS Scottish adults, aged 18 to 74 years, recruited and interviewed in their homes. INTERVENTION Comprehensive(More)
AIM To explore the recent contact with health and social services by drug misusers who died of a fatal overdose and identify opportunities for preventive intervention. DESIGN Retrospective case analysis. SUBJECTS Eighty-seven residents of the Greater Glasgow area who died of a drug misuse-related overdose in 1999. METHODS Analysis of matched data from(More)
AIMS To examine changes in drug-related behaviour in opiate-dependent injectors treated with oral methadone, in a shared care scheme where consumption of the daily dose is usually supervised by a community pharmacist. DESIGN One-year cohort study. SETTING Recruitment from the main routes into methadone prescribing in Glasgow during 1996: General(More)
This study compared the distributions of known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among drug injectors in Glasgow over a 3.5 year period. Data were obtained from all relevant laboratory request forms submitted to Glasgow's 3 virology laboratories during the period 1 January 1986 to 30 June 1989. The overall(More)
AIMS To examine the association between recipient-sharing of needles and syringes and demographic characteristics, injecting behaviour and needle and syringe exchange utilisation. DESIGN Self-report data from serial cross-sectional surveys. SETTING Multiple street, needle and syringe exchange and drug treatment sites throughout Glasgow. PARTICIPANTS(More)
AIMS This study aims to identify the physical harm associated with injecting drug use and examine the treatment-seeking behaviour of injecting drug users (IDUs). Specific attention is given to the factors associated with presentation and non-presentation of injecting-related problems. DESIGN Participants were interviewed by research staff using a(More)
The close correspondence between energy intake and expenditure over prolonged time periods, coupled with an apparent protection of the level of body adiposity in the face of perturbations of energy balance, has led to the idea that body fatness is regulated via mechanisms that control intake and energy expenditure. Two models have dominated the discussion(More)
Bacterial endocarditis still remains a serious disease with significant morbidity and mortality. In patients with known valve disease, most cases are caused by oral viridans streptococci. These organisms are present in vast numbers on the gum margins and in gum pockets. They cause transient bacteraemia during eating and tooth brushing. More substantial, but(More)
This report describes the investigation and management of an unprecedented outbreak of severe illness among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Scotland during April to August 2000. IDUs with severe soft tissue inflammation were prospectively sought among acute hospitals and a mortuary in Scotland. Cases were categorised as definite or probable: probable cases(More)