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OBJECTIVE To measure change in adult non-smokers' exposure to secondhand smoke in public and private places after smoke-free legislation was implemented in Scotland. DESIGN Repeat cross sectional survey. SETTING Scotland. PARTICIPANTS Scottish adults, aged 18 to 74 years, recruited and interviewed in their homes. INTERVENTION Comprehensive(More)
The close correspondence between energy intake and expenditure over prolonged time periods, coupled with an apparent protection of the level of body adiposity in the face of perturbations of energy balance, has led to the idea that body fatness is regulated via mechanisms that control intake and energy expenditure. Two models have dominated the discussion(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of tobacco smoking on the survival of men and women in different social positions. DESIGN A cohort observational study. SETTING Renfrew and Paisley, two towns in west central Scotland. PARTICIPANTS 8353 women and 7049 men aged 45-64 years recruited in 1972-6 (almost 80% of the population in this age group). The cohort(More)
BACKGROUND From 26 March 2006, smoking will be prohibited in wholly and substantially enclosed public places in Scotland, and it will be an offence to permit smoking or to smoke in no-smoking premises. We anticipate that implementation of the smoke-free legislation will result in significant health gains associated with reductions in exposure to both(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking and consuming alcohol are both related to increased mortality risk. Their combined effects on cause-specific mortality were investigated in a prospective cohort study. METHODS Participants were 5771 men aged 35-64, recruited during 1970-73 from various workplaces in Scotland. Data were obtained from a questionnaire and a screening(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relations between causes of death, social position, and obesity in women who had never smoked. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Renfrew and Paisley, Scotland. PARTICIPANTS 8353 women and 7049 men aged 45-64 were recruited to the Renfrew and Paisley Study in 1972-6. Of these, 3613 women had never smoked and were the(More)
A long-term cohort study of working men in Israel found that smokers who reduced their cigarette consumption had lower subsequent mortality rates than those who did not. We conducted comparable analyses in 2 populations of smokers in Scotland. The Collaborative Study included 1,524 men and women aged 40-65 years in a working population who were screened(More)
 Young people in the UK can easily obtain cigarettes and alcoholic drinks from a range of social and illicit commercial sources before they reach the legal minimum purchase age; many also report having access to illicit drugs  Prices of alcoholic drinks and most illicit drugs, but not cigarettes, have been falling in real terms  Increasing the price of(More)
BACKGROUND Few countries record the data needed to estimate life expectancy by ethnic group. Such information is helpful in assessing the extent of health inequality. METHOD Life tables were created using 3 years of deaths (May 2001-April 2004) linked to Scottish 2001 Census data for 4.62 million individuals with self-reported ethnicity. We created 8(More)