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PURPOSE Diaphragm function should be monitored in critically ill patients, as full ventilatory support rapidly induces diaphragm atrophy. Monitoring the electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) may help assess the level of diaphragm activity, but such monitoring results are difficult to interpret because reference values are lacking. The aim of this… (More)
INTRODUCTION The need for intubation after a noninvasive ventilation (NIV) failure is frequent in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). One reason is patient-ventilator asynchrony during NIV. Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is a mode of ventilation controlled by the patient's neural respiratory drive. The aim of this study was to assess the… (More)
The monitoring of electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) is a new minimally invasive bedside technology that was developed for the neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) mode of ventilation. In addition to its role in NAVA ventilation, this technology provides the clinician with previously unavailable and essential information on diaphragm… (More)
Investigators from University of Melbourne, Australia, studied Pressure-Reactivity Index (PRx) and optimal Cerebral Perfusion Pressure (CPP) in 36 children aged between 6 months and 16 years treated for traumatic brain injury (TBI) at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, from 2007 to 2013.
BACKGROUND Palliative procedures performed before the Fontan procedure may require ligation of the subclavian arteries, thereby affecting flow to the vertebral arteries. In adults with functionally univentricular heart disease, the implications of altered brainstem vascular anatomy for perioperative management of failing Fontan circulation are not known. … (More)
BACKGROUND The primary objective of this study was to characterize changes in cerebral blood flow measured using transcranial Doppler in children with central nervous system infections. We hypothesized that children with central nervous system infections have abnormal cerebral blood flow, associated with a greater frequency of complications and poor… (More)
OBJECTIVES The role of sleep architecture as a biomarker for prognostication after resuscitation from cardiac arrest in children hospitalized in an ICU remains poorly defined. We sought to investigate the association between features of normal sleep architecture in children after cardiac arrest and a favorable neurologic outcome at 6 months. DESIGN… (More)
Investigators from the University of California performed a case-control study of the association of stroke with congenital heart disease (CHD) within a population of 2.5 million children in Northern California.