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Humans compared 2 durations according to different rules. Some judged which duration lasted longer, some judged whether the duration ratio was less or greater than 3:1, and others judged according to a same-different rule. Under each condition, 1/2 of the participants had advance knowledge of the rule, whereas the others acquired the discrimination solely(More)
Multiple-unit activity (MUA), recorded simultaneously from many brain areas, was used to detect the existence and location of ‘target sites’ for ethanol action in rabbits with chronically implanted electrodes in 14 areas. Each of 12 rabbits received intraperitoneal injection of 300, 600, 900, and 1200 mg/kg of 20% ETOH and a saline control injection given(More)
This study was a follow-up to our earlier data which indicated that the hippocampus was one of the brain areas in which ethanol had a preferential action. Rabbits were chronically implanted with electrodes in 9 brain areas associated with the hippocampus. The EEG and multiple-unit activity were recorded simultaneously in each area before and for 15 min(More)
In four experiments, pigeons were tested on a duration comparison task involving the successive presentation of two visual stimuli that varied in duration from trial to trial. Following presentation of the durations, two choice keys were lit, and reinforcement for choices was based on the temporal relation between duration of the pair. In Experiment 1, the(More)
Under a psychophysical trials procedure, pigeons were presented with a red light of one duration followed by a green light of a second duration. Eight geometrically spaced base durations were paired with one of four shorter and four longer durations as the alternate member of a duration pair, with different pairs randomly intermixed. One choice was(More)
Pigeons were trained on a pair comparison task where a red light of one duration was followed by a green light of a second duration. Following a duration pair two choice keys were lit and one choice was reinforced if the duration of red was longer than green, and the alternate choice was reinforced if green was longer than red. Duration pairs consisted of(More)
Trained pigeons to make discriminations on the basis of the ratio of two stimulus durations. A red light of one duration was followed by a green light of a different duration, with 900 red-green pairs intermixed over trials. A choice followed the red-green pair; a response to a green side key was reinforced if the red-green ratio was less than a criterion(More)
Pigeons were trained to peck on a key, which could be lit by red or green light, and produce feeder-light stimuli intermittently. On some trials, food followed the fourth feeder flash providing the key color was red, while on other trials food followed the sixteenth flash providing the color was green. The change in color from red to green was produced by a(More)