Laurence Decker

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Identifying a source of cells with the capacity to generate oligodendrocytes in the adult CNS would help in the development of strategies to promote remyelination. In the present study, we examined the ability of the precursor cells of the adult mouse subventricular zone (SVZ) to differentiate into remyelinating oligodendrocytes. After lysolecithin-induced(More)
The destiny of the mitotically active cells of the subventricular zone (SVZ) in adult rodents is to migrate to the olfactory bulb, where they contribute to the replacement of granular and periglomerular neurons. However, these adult neural progenitors also can be mobilized in periventricular white matter and triggered to differentiate into astrocytes and(More)
In multiple sclerosis (MS), oligodendrocyte and myelin destruction lead to demyelination with subsequent axonal loss. Experimental demyelination in rodents has highlighted the activation of the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the involvement of progenitor cells expressing the polysialylated form of neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM) in the repair(More)
Onset of myelination in Schwann cells is governed by several transcription factors, including Krox20/Egr2, and mutations affecting Krox20 result in various human hereditary peripheral neuropathies, including congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy (CHN) and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). Similar molecular information is not available on the process of(More)
Using the model of lysolecithin-induced demyelination of the corpus callosum in wild-type, NCAM-deficient, and endoneuraminidase-injected mice, we have analyzed the consequences of the loss of expression of NCAM or PSA residues on the migration and proliferation capacities of neural precursors of the subventricular zone (SVZ). We showed that the absence of(More)
Precursor cells of the adult mouse subventricular zone (SVZ) are mobilized and recruited by a lysolecithin (LPC)-induced demyelination of the corpus callosum. Because age decreases the proliferation of the SVZ neural precursors as well as the potential for myelin repair of the adult central nervous system, we have compared the ability of young and aged(More)
CNS/PNS interfaces constitute cell boundaries, because they delimit territories with different neuronal and glial contents. Despite their potential interest in regenerative medicine, the mechanisms restricting oligodendrocytes and astrocytes to the CNS and Schwann cells to the PNS in mammals are not known. To investigate the involvement of peripheral glia(More)
Using the oligosphere strategy (V. Avellana-Adalid et al., 1996, J. Neurosci. Res. 45, 558-570), we compared the migratory behavior of oligodendrocyte preprogenitors (OPP) that expressed the polysialylated form of the neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM) and of GD3-positive oligodendrocyte progenitors (OP). To study the role of PSA in OPP migration, we(More)
Chronic acquired neuropathies of unknown origin are classified as chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathies (CIDP) and chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathies (CIAP). The diagnosis can be very difficult, although it has important therapeutic implications since CIDP can be improved by immunomodulating treatment. The aim of this study was to(More)
Krox20/Egr2 is a zinc finger transcription factor that plays essential roles in several developmental processes, including peripheral nervous system myelination by Schwann cells, where it acts as a master gene regulator. Krox20 is known to interact with cofactors of the Nab family and a mutation affecting isoleucine 268, which prevents this interaction, has(More)