Laurence Cochand

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Dendritic cells (DC) can be present at distinct stages of differentiation within the immune system. Sallusto and colleagues have recently described an in vitro culture system suitable for analyzing the maturation processes of DC (Sallusto and colleagues, J. Exp. Med. 1994;179:1109-1118). Monocytes cultured for 6 d in the presence of granulocyte macrophage(More)
Salmonella typhimurium (ST) can cause infection in man, and attenuated strains are under consideration as live vaccine vectors. However, little is known about the interaction of ST with human dendritic cells (DC). Here, we compared the consequences of exposure of human, monocyte-derived DC with different attenuated strains of ST. Infection was observed with(More)
Live attenuated Salmonella are attractive vaccine candidates for mucosal application because they induce both mucosal immune responses and systematic immune responses. After breaking the epithelium barrier, Salmonella typhimurium is found within dendritic cells (DC) in the Peyer's patches. Although there are abundant data on the interaction of S.(More)
Antigen presentation is a required prime event before T-cell activation can occur. Cells which constitutively express major histocompatibility antigen class I or II are responsible for presenting antigens. These are essentially alveolar macrophages (AM) residing mostly in the air spaces, and dendritic cells (DC), which create a tight surveillance network(More)
Recent publications have demonstrated that the protease caspase-1 is responsible for the processing of pro-interleukin 18 (IL-18) into the active form. Studies on cell lines and murine macrophages have shown that the bacterial invasion factor SipB activates caspase-1, triggering cell death. Thus, we investigated the role of SipB in the activation and(More)
Dendritic cells play a central role in initiation of primary T lymphocyte responses to foreign antigens. Their potency in antigen presentation vis-à-vis reported low or lack of ability to phagocytize particulate matter has limited our understanding of the role that they play in inducing immunity to particulate antigens. One hypothesis is that dendritic(More)
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