Laurence C Menard

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Protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 22 (PTPN22) gene polymorphisms are associated with many autoimmune diseases. The major risk allele encodes an R620W amino acid change that alters B cell receptor (BCR) signaling involved in the regulation of central B cell tolerance. To assess whether this PTPN22 risk allele affects the removal of developing(More)
TLRs expressed by a variety of cells, including epithelial cells, B cells, and dendritic cells, are important initiators of the immune response following stimulation with various microbial products. Several of the TLRs require the adaptor protein, MyD88, which is an important mediator for the immune response following Toxoplasma gondii infection.(More)
B cells play a central role in the pathogenesis of many autoimmune diseases. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms that regulate B-cell tolerance in humans is important for the development of new therapeutic strategies. Patients with monogenic diseases provide rare opportunities to study the impact of specific gene mutations on the regulation of human B(More)
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