Laurence Boxer

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Congenital neutropenia and cyclic neutropenia are disorders of neutrophil production predisposing patients to recurrent bacterial infections. Recently the locus for autosomal dominant cyclic neutropenia was mapped to chromosome 19p13.3, and this disease is now attributable to mutations of the gene encoding neutrophil elastase (the ELA2 gene). The authors(More)
A version of topology's fundamental group is developed for digital images in dimension at most 3 in [7] and [8]. In the latter paper, it is shown that such a digital image X ⊂ $$\mathcal{Z}^k $$ , k ≤ 3, has a continuous analog C(X) ⊂ Rk such that X has digital fundamental group isomorphic to Π1(C(X)). However, the construction of the digital fundamental(More)
In (Rosenfeld, 1986), a natural analog of the usual e-fi definition of a continuous function is stated for digital pictures, and several properties of such digitally continuous functions are examined. The current paper expands on the work of (Rosenfeld, 1986). In particular, we examine digital versions of several important classes of continuous functions,(More)
Severe chronic neutropenia (SCN) is defined as an absolute neutrophil (ANC) of less than 0.5 x 10(9)/L, lasting for months or years. Congenital, cyclic, and idiopathic neutropenia are principal categories of SCN. Since 1994, the Severe Chronic Neutropenia International Registry (SCNIR) has collected data to monitor the clinical course, treatments, and(More)
In patients with severe congenital neutropenia (SCN), sepsis mortality is reduced by treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), but myelodsyplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia (MDS/AML) have been reported. We studied 374 patients with SCN and 29 patients with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) on long-term G-CSF enrolled in the(More)
Rho GTPases control a variety of cellular processes, including actin polymerization, integrin complex formation, cell adhesion, gene transcription, cell cycle progression, and cell proliferation. A patient is described who has recurrent infections and defective neutrophil cellular functions similar to those found in Rac2-deficient mice. Molecular methods(More)
Polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) phagocytosis mediated by FcgammaRII proceeds in concert with activation of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase ERK2. We hypothesized that myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) could be phosphorylated and activated by ERK, thereby linking the MAP kinase pathway to the activation of(More)
To investigate the possibility that human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) elaborate sufficient amounts of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and other radicals of reduced oxygen to be autotoxic and retard directed cell movement and phagocytosis, the rate of ingestion of opsonized lipopolysaccharide-paraffin oil particles and movement through Nuclepore filters were(More)
Although several genetic defects are known to impair oxidative microbicidal/cytotoxic mechanisms in human PMN, no deficiencies of PMN granule components that mediate oxygen-independent microbicidal activity have yet been reported. We analyzed PMN from patients with various granulocyte disorders for their content of two azurophil granule constituents,(More)