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A version of topology's fundamental group is developed for digital images in dimension at most 3 in [7] and [8]. In the latter paper, it is shown that such a digital image X ⊂ $$\mathcal{Z}^k $$ , k ≤ 3, has a continuous analog C(X) ⊂ Rk such that X has digital fundamental group isomorphic to Π1(C(X)). However, the construction of the digital fundamental(More)
In (Rosenfeld, 1986), a natural analog of the usual e-fi definition of a continuous function is stated for digital pictures, and several properties of such digitally continuous functions are examined. The current paper expands on the work of (Rosenfeld, 1986). In particular, we examine digital versions of several important classes of continuous functions,(More)
Congenital neutropenia and cyclic neutropenia are disorders of neutrophil production predisposing patients to recurrent bacterial infections. Recently the locus for autosomal dominant cyclic neutropenia was mapped to chromosome 19p13.3, and this disease is now attributable to mutations of the gene encoding neutrophil elastase (the ELA2 gene). The authors(More)
In patients with severe congenital neutropenia (SCN), sepsis mortality is reduced by treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), but myelodsyplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia (MDS/AML) have been reported. We studied 374 patients with SCN and 29 patients with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) on long-term G-CSF enrolled in the(More)
To investigate the possibility that human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) elaborate sufficient amounts of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and other radicals of reduced oxygen to be autotoxic and retard directed cell movement and phagocytosis, the rate of ingestion of opsonized lipopolysaccharide-paraffin oil particles and movement through Nuclepore filters were(More)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) has had a major impact on management of "severe chronic neutropenia," a collective term referring to congenital, idiopathic, or cyclic neutropenia. Almost all patients respond to G-CSF with increased neutrophils, reduced infections, and improved survival. Some responders with congenital neutropenia have(More)
Neutrophils play a critical role in the acute inflammatory response and host-defenses against bacterial infections. Neutropenia, a deficiency of these cells, predisposes to infection, chiefly by organisms resident on body surfaces. The risk of infection is greatest with severe neutropenia, defined by an absolute blood neutrophil count (ANC) less than 0.5 x(More)
Severe chronic neutropenia (SCN) is defined as an absolute neutrophil (ANC) of less than 0.5 x 10(9)/L, lasting for months or years. Congenital, cyclic, and idiopathic neutropenia are principal categories of SCN. Since 1994, the Severe Chronic Neutropenia International Registry (SCNIR) has collected data to monitor the clinical course, treatments, and(More)
N-formyl-met-leu-phe (FMLP) causes polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) to secrete and become "sticky" in vitro. We related these events to in vivo FMLP-induced neutropenia. FMLP was intravenously administered to anesthetized rabbits in doses ranging from 0.01 microgram to 1.0 microgram. Controls received phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), the diluent for FMLP.(More)