Laurence Barbot

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We found that the magnesium salt of ilimaquinone, named 201-F, specifically disassembled dynamically unstable microtubules in fibroblasts and various epithelial cell lines. Unlike classical tubulin- interacting drugs such as nocodazole or colchicine which affect all classes of microtubules, 201-F did not depolymerize stable microtubules. In WIF-B-polarized(More)
The ontogenetic development of PepT1, NBAT and EAAC1 along the vertical and horizontal axes of the rat small intestine was evaluated using semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry. The proximodistal profiles of mRNA levels showed that PepT1 was evenly distributed, whereas NBAT had greater expression(More)
1. Effects of two tachykinin NK1 receptor selective agonists (septide and [Sar9, Met(O2)11]SP) were compared on the increases in mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and motor behaviour following intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration in unanaesthetized rat, and on the vascular permeability increases to intradermal (i.d.) injection in the(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the capacity and reproducibility of three-dimensional echocardiographic (3DE) strain parameters in the assessment of global left ventricular (LV) systolic function. METHODS A total of 128 subjects with differing LV ejection fractions were investigated using two-dimensional echocardiographic (2DE) and 3DE(More)
BACKGROUND Calprotectin, a major component of soluble cytosolic proteins in human neutrophil granulocytes, is excreted in excess in stools during inflammatory bowel disease in adults and children. Faecal calprotectin concentrations are also higher during the first year of life than in adults. OBJECTIVES To measure faecal calprotectin concentrations in the(More)
In order to assess the impact of Cryptosporidium parvum on host intestinal physiology, we investigated absorption of the two principal amino acids in dam′s milk (leucine, glutamate), using Ussing chambers and RT-PCR analyses. Experiments were performed in both heavily (ileum) and mildly (duodenum) infected segments of the small intestine at the peak of(More)
1. In the conscious rat, three tachykinin NK3 receptor antagonists, namely SR142801 ((S)-(N)-(1-(3-(1-benzoyl-3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)piperidin-3-yl)pro pyl)-4-phenylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-methylacetamide), R820 (3-indolylcarbonyl-Hyp-Phg-N(Me)-Bzl) and R486 (H-Asp-Ser-Phe-Trp-beta-Ala-Leu-Met-NH2) were assessed against the intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) effects(More)
Effects of two commonly used tachykinin NK-3 receptor antagonists (SR 142801 and R820) intrathecally (i.t.) administered were assessed in the rat tail-flick test. SR142801 and its (R)-enantiomer SR142806 (1.3, 6.5 and 65 nmol) were found as potent as senktide and [MePhe7]NKB (NK-3 selective agonists) to induce transient antinociceptive effects. Naloxone (10(More)
The amount of faecal pancreatic enzyme elastase 1 was significantly lower in 42 preterm newborns than in 12 full term babies at day 2 (89 (3-539) v 354 (52-600) microg/g, p<0.0007) and day 5 (164 (3-600) v 600 (158-600) microg/g, p<0.05) and correlated positively with total nutrient intake during the first week of life in preterm infants. This should(More)
Cryptosporidium parvum infection induces amino acid malnutrition leading to growth retardation in children. Owing to the nutritional efficiency of peptides compared to free amino acids and the resistance of the di-tripeptide transporter PepT1 to mucosal injury, we analyzed the intestinal expression of PepT1 during experimental acute cryptosporidiosis in(More)