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Several studies have demonstrated genetic predisposition in non-shigatoxin-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), involving regulatory proteins of the complement alternative pathway: Factor H (FH) and membrane co-factor protein (CD46). Regarding the observations of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura patients, in whom a von Willebrand factor protease(More)
Factor H (FH) is the major regulatory protein of the complement alternative pathway, with a structure consisting of a tandem array of 20 homologous units, called short consensus repeats (SCR). Reported are 16 FH-deficient patients. Among six patients with homozygous deficiency, four presented with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and two with(More)
An unusual spectrum of craniofacial and foot abnormalities has been detected within a large midwestern Amish kindred. Enlarged great toes and craniofacial abnormalities suggested Pfeiffer acrocephalosynadactyly type V; however, thumb abnormalities were not present. Eighty-eight affected individuals were observed and another 50 were reliably reported to be(More)
This study reports on six cases of deficiency in the human complement regulatory protein Factor H (FH) in the context of an acute renal disease. Five of the cases were observed in children presenting with idiopathic hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Two of the children exhibited a homozygous deficiency characterized by the absence of the 150-kD form of(More)
A set of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) patients was screened for large NF1 gene deletions by comparing patient and parent genotypes at 10 intragenic polymorphic loci. Of 67 patient/parent sets (47 new mutation patients and 20 familial cases), five (7.5%) showed loss of heterozygosity (LOH), indicative of NF1 gene deletion. These five patients did not have(More)
We studied 19 symptomatic female carriers of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene. Most of these dystrophinopathy patients had had an erroneous or ambiguous diagnosis prior to dystrophin immunofluorescence testing. We assessed clinical severity by a standardized protocol, measured X-chromosome inactivation patterns in blood and muscle DNA, and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Cryptogenetic multifocal ulcerous stenosing enteritis (CMUSE) is a rare disease whose origin is unknown. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical spectrum of CMUSE, to determine the origin and pathophysiology of the disease, and to propose a treatment strategy. METHODS A total of 220 French gastroenterology departments were(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have suggested an increased risk of acute hepatitis C (HCV) infection in homosexual HIV-infected men and that early treatment with standard or pegylated interferon-alfa, alone or associated with ribavirin, significantly reduces the risk of chronic evolution in HIV-infected patients. METHODS A retrospective analysis of 12(More)