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Substantial regeneration of both the endocrine and exocrine pancreas occurs after a 90% partial pancreatectomy in the young adult rat. We have reported previously that replication of preexisting islet and exocrine cells is enhanced 3- to 4-fold. Here, we report a second pathway of regeneration, that of proliferation and differentiation of precursor cells in(More)
The effect of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25-(OH)2D3) on Ca balance, 45Ca kinetics, and bone morphology has been studied in control rats and rats given disodium ethane-1-hydroxy-1,1-diphosphonate (EHDP), 10 mg P/kg sc per day. This large dose of EHDP is known to inhibit bone mineralization and intestinal calcium absorption and to depress the endogenous(More)
The ability of low phosphorus diets to stimulate the activity of the 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1alpha-hydroxylase was tested in the chick. Feeding low phosphorus diets for 2 weeks resulted in a marked increase in enzyme activity relative to chicks fed a normal phosphorus diet. Stimulation of the 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1alpha-hydroxylase activity by low phosphorus(More)
24R,24,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 is capable of inducing a minimal intestinal calcium transport response in chicks when compared to an equal amount of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3. 1,24,25-Trihydroxyvitamin D3 is also less active than 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, and its activity is much shorter lived than that of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. A comparison of the metabolism(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-(GLP) I-(7-37) is an endogenous hormone that has recently been demonstrated to be a potent insulin secretagogue. In these studies, GLP was administered during oral and intravenous (IV) glucose tolerance tests (OGTT and IVGTT, respectively) to determine whether this peptide could enhance postprandial insulin levels and thus reduce(More)
Studies using regression techniques report their results using a variety of statistics. Evaluation of the consistency of findings, such as in a metaanalysis, requires calculating the statistical estimates of the effect reported in each study in a comparable manner. In this paper, we consider multiple linear regression, multiple Poisson regression, and(More)