Lauren Wisniewski

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Obese children 8-12 years old from 61 families were randomized to treatment groups that targeted increased exercise, decreased sedentary behaviors, or both (combined group) to test the influence of reinforcing children to be more active or less sedentary on child weight change. Significant decreases in percentage overweight were observed after 4 months(More)
Habituation may be relevant for understanding how sensory stimuli influence factors related to ingestive behavior. In the first of three experiments in humans we showed that salivation and hedonic ratings to lemon or lime juice habituated within 10 presentations, and dishabituation of the salivation and hedonic ratings to the original juice were observed(More)
In response to comments from the Board, the CREM made changes to the draft document. This document is available in printed and electronic form. The electronic version provides direct links to the cited and other useful references identified in the document. Disclaimer This document provides guidance to those who develop, evaluate, and apply environmental(More)
Two types of eating disorders, bulimia nervosa in normal-weight bulimic (NWB) women and restricting-type anorexia nervosa (RAN), may provide insights into permissive or protective factors contributing to psychoactive substance use disorders (PSUD) in humans. These two eating disorders, while often grouped together, are at opposite extremes for rate of PSUD.(More)
This study assessed the influence of introducing a new food after repeated presentations of one food on food consumption, hedonics, and salivation. Male subjects were provided repeated 150-calorie courses of pizza or cheeseburger until satiety. Hedonics and salivation were measured before each course. Subject were then provided an additional 450 calorie(More)
The present study examined the effects of calories on salivary habituation. The rate of habituation to lemon taste was studied over 10 trials in 24 normal weight, nondieting, 18-35-year-old females. Between each of the trials, half the subjects ate low calorie, lemon gelatin, total Kcal = 32, and the others ate high calorie, lemon gelatin, total Kcal = 320.(More)
Human pleural malignant mesothelioma was successfully transplanted into nude mice from 2 of 3 patients. The tumor implants of the first generation grew in 6 of 20 mice (30%), with a take of implants of 17 of 32 (53%). Overall, tumors grew from 52 of 80 mice (65%) in a total of 169 of 266 implants (64%) during the first four generations. The mean delay(More)
OBJECTIVE Bulimia nervosa (BN) patients have been shown to experience anomalous responses to food and food cues. We investigated the response to food over time by presenting repeated food cues and measuring changes in physiological (ie, salivation) and subjective responses. METHOD Subjects were 18 BN women and 18 matched control women. Two palatable food(More)
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